Transcapillary escape rate of albumin and plasma volume in patients with varying degrees of psoriasis

Authors


Dr A.-M.Worm, Department of Dermatology, The Finsen Institute, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

SUMMARY

Plasma albumin, plasma volume and the transcapillary escape rate of albumin (TERalb), i.e. the fraction ofthe intravascular mass of albumin that passes to the extravascular space per unit time, were determined using 125I-labelled albumin in 26 patients with varying degrees of psoriasis. For the patients as a group the plasma albumin concentration and the TERalb values were not significantly different from the control group. This contrasts with earlier findings in erythrodermic patients. The plasma volume was significantly reduced whether it was expressed in relation to body weight, height or surface area (P<0.001). Thus the intravascular mass of albumin (IVM), determined as the product ofthe plasma volume and the plasma albimiin concentration, was also significantly reduced (P<0.001). We found no correlation between the involved skin area and any ofthe above mentioned parameters.

The possible mechanisms in the reduction of the plasma volume and the IVM are discussed. It is suggested that reduced IVM may refiect reduced total albumin mass due to lowered rates of albumin synthesis or increased rates of turnover.

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