Conflicts of interest None declared.
Incidence of risk factors for myocardial infarction and other vascular diseases in patients with psoriasis
Article first published online: 4 JUL 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 British Association of Dermatologists
British Journal of Dermatology
Volume 159, Issue 4, pages 895–902, October 2008
How to Cite
Kaye, J.A., Li, L. and Jick, S.S. (2008), Incidence of risk factors for myocardial infarction and other vascular diseases in patients with psoriasis. British Journal of Dermatology, 159: 895–902. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2008.08707.x
- Issue published online: 17 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 4 JUL 2008
- Accepted for publication 18 April 2008
- cardiovascular disease;
- myocardial infarction;
- risk factors
Background Recent cross-sectional studies reported a higher prevalence of diabetes and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with psoriasis than in the general population.
Objectives To estimate the cumulative incidences of risk factors for myocardial infarction and other vascular diseases after a first recorded diagnosis of psoriasis and the hazard ratio (HR) for these conditions in patients with psoriasis compared with the general population.
Methods We used the General Practice Research Database to conduct a cohort study of 44 164 patients with a first-time diagnosis of psoriasis and 219 784 nonpsoriasis comparison subjects psoriasis-matched on age, sex and index date.
Results HRs were increased among patients with psoriasis vs. the comparison cohort for incident diabetes [HR 1·33; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·25–1·42], hypertension (HR 1·09; 95% CI 1·05–1·14), obesity (HR 1·18; 95% CI 1·14–1·23) and hyperlipidaemia (HR 1·17; 95% CI 1·11–1·23). Patients with psoriasis also had higher risks of incident myocardial infarction (HR 1·21; 95% CI 1·10–1·32), angina (HR 1·20; 95% CI 1·12–1·29), atherosclerosis (HR 1·28; 95% CI 1·10–1·48), peripheral vascular disease (HR 1·29; 95% CI 1·13–1·47) and stroke (HR 1·12; 95% CI 1·00–1·25).
Conclusions Risk factors for cardiovascular disease as well as myocardial infarction and other vascular diseases occur with higher incidence in patients with psoriasis than in the general population. Further work is needed to investigate whether these associations involve causal factors related to psoriasis or its treatment.