Conflicts of interest None declared.
Wet-wrap treatment using dilutions of tacrolimus ointment and fluticasone propionate cream in human APOC1 (+/+) mice with atopic dermatitis
Version of Record online: 15 SEP 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 British Association of Dermatologists
British Journal of Dermatology
Volume 160, Issue 1, pages 54–61, January 2009
How to Cite
Oranje, A.P., Verbeek, R., Verzaal, P., Haspels, I., Prens, E. and Nagelkerken, L. (2009), Wet-wrap treatment using dilutions of tacrolimus ointment and fluticasone propionate cream in human APOC1 (+/+) mice with atopic dermatitis. British Journal of Dermatology, 160: 54–61. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2008.08834.x
- Issue online: 15 DEC 2008
- Version of Record online: 15 SEP 2008
- Accepted for publication 16 June 2008
- apolipoprotein C;
- atopic dermatitis;
- mouse model;
- transepidermal water loss;
- wet-wrap treatment
Background Wet-wrap treatment (WWT) with diluted topical steroids is widely used in atopic dermatitis (AD). Mice with transgenic overexpression of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in the liver and the skin are not only characterized by hyperlipidaemia and raised IgE levels, but also by pruritic dermatitis and a disturbed skin barrier function, providing a novel in vivo mouse model for AD.
Objectives We investigated an adapted WWT method in the AD model in APOC1 mice in order to establish its efficacy.
Methods The effect of topical 0·1% and 0·03% tacrolimus ointment, tacrolimus base ointment, different dilutions of 0·05% fluticasone propionate (FP) cream and emollient on the development of dermatitis in APOC1 mice was investigated. WWT was performed with 0·03% tacrolimus ointment or 0·017% FP cream.
Results AD in APOC1 mice responded to topical treatment with tacrolimus or FP. In contrast to tacrolimus treatment, FP treatment was associated with loss of body weight. WWT reinforced several therapeutic aspects, notably improvements in transepidermal water loss and in epidermal thickness. WWT using tacrolimus 0·03% ointment was more effective than WWT using FP 0·017% cream.
Conclusions AD in APOC1 mice responds to treatment with (diluted) tacrolimus or FP; treatment with FP cream, but not tacrolimus ointment, was associated with weight loss. In this study, the adapted WWT using tacrolimus or FP in mice had a limited improving effect as compared with open application of tacrolimus or FP.