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Keywords:

  • bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma;
  • consanguinity;
  • cryptic splicing;
  • epidermolytic hyperkeratosis;
  • mutation detection;
  • recurrence risk

Epidermolytic ichthyosis (EI; MIM 113800), previously named bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma or epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, is a rare and clinically variable defect of cornification characterized by generalized erythema, erosions, scaling and easily breaking blisters that become less frequent later in life while hyperkeratosis increases.1 EI is caused by dominant mutations in either KRT1 or KRT10, encoding keratin 1 (K1) and keratin 10 (K10), respectively.1 Usually, mutations are missense substitutions into the highly conserved α-helical rod domains of the proteins.2,3 However, three inbred pedigrees in which EI is transmitted as a recessive trait due to KRT10 null mutations have been described.4–6