Background Although it has been shown that T-cell dysfunction in psoriasis correlates with various endogenous and exogenous stimuli, there are also intensive and complicated genetic background effects indicating that intrinsic abnormalities may play a more predominant role such as in haematopoietic cells, the haematopoietic microenvironment and the development of haematopoietic cells into T cells.
Objective To reveal the activity of haematopoietic stem cells from patients with psoriasis.
Methods Bone marrow CD34+ cells were isolated and expression levels were tested by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The binding site for RUNX1 located between SLC9A3R1 and NAT9 and the apoptotic index of CD34+ cells were also investigated.
Results We found that the expression of RUNX1, SLC9A3R1, HLA-C and PRKCB mRNA and RUNX1 protein was significantly higher in patients with psoriasis than in the controls, and SLC9A3R1 expression showed a significant positive correlation with the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score. There was no statistical significance for PDCD1 mRNA and PKC-β I protein expression levels between the patients with psoriasis and controls. Mutation of RUNX1 binding sites between SLC9A3R1 and NAT9 was not detected, and the apoptotic index in patients with psoriasis showed no statistical significance compared with the controls.
Conclusion Expression of the critical transcription factor RUNX1, which regulates CD34+ cell development and differentiation, was abnormal, and augmentation of these expression levels might induce dysfunction of marrow haematopoietic stem cells and the haematopoietic microenvironment and be involved in the progression of psoriasis.