The effect of aqueous cream BP on the skin barrier in volunteers with a previous history of atopic dermatitis

Authors

  • S.G. Danby,

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • T. Al-Enezi,

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • A. Sultan,

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • J. Chittock,

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • K. Kennedy,

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M.J. Cork

    1. Academic Unit of Dermatology Research, Department of Infection and Immunity, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, U.K.
    2. Paediatric Dermatology Clinic, Sheffield Children’s Hospital, Sheffield, U.K.
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Funding sources
    This study was supported by research funding from the Kuwait Ministry of Health to T.Al-E. and A.S.

  • Conflicts of interest
    None declared.

Simon G. Danby.
E-mail: s.danby@sheffield.ac.uk

Summary

Background  The emollient aqueous cream BP is frequently used for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD), yet it is associated with a high rate of adverse cutaneous reactions. It contains the harsh anionic surfactant sodium lauryl sulphate, a known negative environmental factor associated with the exacerbation of AD.

Objectives  To investigate the effect of aqueous cream BP on stratum corneum (SC) integrity and skin barrier function in volunteers with a predisposition to a defective skin barrier.

Methods  Thirteen volunteers with a previous history of AD (no symptoms for 6 months) applied aqueous cream BP twice daily to the volar side of one forearm for 4 weeks. The other forearm was left untreated as a control. Permeability barrier function and SC integrity were determined before and after treatment by measuring transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in conjunction with tape-stripping. For comparison, 13 volunteers with current AD were recruited for assessment, without treatment, of SC integrity and skin barrier function at unaffected sites.

Results  Topical application of aqueous cream BP resulted in significant elevation of baseline TEWL and a concomitant decrease in SC integrity. Measurements made after no treatment in volunteers with current AD, at unaffected sites, suggest that application of aqueous cream BP negatively affects the skin barrier towards the damaged state associated with onset of flares of the disease.

Conclusions  Aqueous cream BP used as a leave-on emollient caused severe damage to the skin barrier in volunteers with a previous history of AD. Aqueous cream BP should not be used as a leave-on emollient in patients with AD.

Ancillary