Present address: Service de Dermatologie, Hôpital Victor Dupouy, 69 rue du Lieutenant-Colonel Prud’hon, 95100 Argenteuil, France.
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
Outdoor sports and risk of ultraviolet radiation-related skin lesions in children: evaluation of risks and prevention
Article first published online: 20 JUL 2011
© 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists 2011
British Journal of Dermatology
Volume 165, Issue 2, pages 360–367, August 2011
How to Cite
Mahé, E., Beauchet, A., de Paula Corrêa, M., Godin-Beekmann, S., Haeffelin, M., Bruant, S., Fay-Chatelard, F., Jégou, F., Saiag, P. and Aegerter, P. (2011), Outdoor sports and risk of ultraviolet radiation-related skin lesions in children: evaluation of risks and prevention. British Journal of Dermatology, 165: 360–367. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10415.x
Funding sources This study was carried out within the framework of the RISC-UV project, funded by the French Interdisciplinary Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique (GIS) Climat Environnement Société, and the University of Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, France; and the Tête Brûlée project, funded by the French Ligue contre le Cancer, the CPAM92 (Caisse Primaire d’Assurance Maladie des Hauts-de-Seine), and the University of Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, France.
Conflicts of interest None declared.
- Issue published online: 20 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 20 JUL 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 17 MAY 2011 01:39AM EST
- Accepted for publication 2 May 2011
Background Excessive ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure can cause skin cancers, skin photoageing and cataracts. Children are targeted by sun-protection campaigns because high sun exposure and sunburn in childhood increase the risk of melanoma in adulthood. Little information is available about UV radiation risk and exposure in children who take part in outdoor sports.
Objective To evaluate the risk of developing UV radiation-induced skin lesions run by children who practise outdoor sports, and UV radiation exposure and sun-protection measures during a soccer tournament.
Methods Firstly, we evaluated the relationship between melanocytic naevus – a skin lesion linked with exposure to UV radiation – and outdoor sports in 660 11-year-old children. Secondly, we used the occasion of a 1-day soccer tournament held in the spring to evaluate UV radiation-protective measures used by soccer players and the public. We also evaluated the UV radiation index and cloud cover during the tournament, and calculated the UV radiation dose and minimal erythema dose depending on skin phototype.
Results The naevus count and acquired naevus count measured over the 2 years of the study were higher in the 344 children who practised outdoor sports. Sun-protective measures were insufficient for soccer players and the public.
Conclusions This study shows that outdoor sports increase the risk of developing UV radiation-induced skin lesions in childhood. During a 1-day soccer tournament held in the spring, children and their parents were inadequately protected against the sun. These results suggest that sun-protection campaigns should be aimed at children who practise popular outdoor sports.