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Since glycoprotein IV (GPIV) has been shown to play an important role in the interaction of platelets with collagen and thrombospondin, the aggregation and secretion of GPIV-deficient platelets were examined. Using a binding assay with monoclonal 125I-OKM5 antibody against CD36 antigen and crossed immunoelectrophoresis of the solubilized platelets against anti-GPIV antibody, the platelets from seven (4.1%) out of 170 healthy Japanese donors were found to be deficient in GPIV. The GPIV-deficient platelets showed normal aggregations in response to collagen as well as ADP, epinephrine, arachidonic acid and thrombin in comparison with GPIV-positive platelets. Polyclonal anti-GPIV antibody aggregated GPIV-positive platelets but not the GPIV-negative ones. The F(ab')2 fragments of the anti-GPIV antibody competitively inhibited the anti-GPIV-induced aggregation, but did not affect the collagen-induced aggregation of GPIV-positive platelets. These results suggest that the deficiency of GPIV does not affect platelet aggregability.