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Keywords:

  • haemophilia A;
  • factor VIII gene;
  • RFLP;
  • dinucleotide tandem repeat

Summary. Haemophilia A is a bleeding disorder caused by defects in the gene coding for the co-factor, factor VIII (FVIII). The few available intragenic restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) currently used in carrier detection and prenatal diagnosis of haemophilia A are informative in only about 65% of cases. We earlier reported a multi-allelic dinucleotide tandem repeat, (CA)n, specific to intron 13, which remains the single most informative marker within the FVIII gene. We here report a second informative dinucleotide repeat of the form (GT)n (AG)n, located to intron 22 of the FVIII gene. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to examine the variability of the repeat in 60 individuals (75 X-chromosomes) and revealed four alleles. The calculated heterozygosity rate is 45%, and family studies showed X-linked mendelian inheritance. The intron 22 dinucleotide repeat is tightly linked with established RFLPs and tracks with haemophilia A in family studies. We now show that by simultaneous amplification of the intron 13 and 22 repeats using PCR all alleles for both markers are detectable on a single polyacrylamide gel. The information thus obtained from a single multiplexed analysis is greater than from multiple RFLP analyses. Hence, rapid haplotype determination by simultaneous amplification and detection of two intragenic dinucleotide repeats should supersede less informative RFLP analysis.