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Keywords:

  • dyskeratosis congenita;
  • DKC1;
  • aplastic anaemia;
  • bone marrow transplantation;
  • telomerase

Summary

Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare inherited multisystem disorder characterized by the triad of abnormal skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and mucosal leucoplakia. X-linked recessive inheritances are recognized in approximately 40% of the patients. DKC1 has been identified as the gene responsible for X-linked DC, and genetic analyses have been performed in a worldwide study. Here, we performed genetic analysis of five Japanese patients with presumed X-linked DC, and identified four mutations in the DKC1 gene, including two novel missense mutations (Q31K and T357A). Such genetic analysis is useful for the definite diagnosis and genetic counselling of patients.