FLT3 gene mutations, either internal tandem duplication or point mutation type, are common in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). We describe 21 AML cases with both types of gene mutations, so-called dual mutations, representing approximately 1% of all cases. Most newly diagnosed AML with FLT3 dual mutations had monocytic differentiation and a normal karyotype. Over the disease course, changes in FLT3 mutation status were seen in 89% of cases, and were associated with cytogenetic changes. We conclude that FLT3 dual mutations occur rarely in AML, and appear to be related to clonal evolution.