Mutagenicity of non-homologous end joining DNA repair in a resistant subset of human chronic lymphocytic leukaemia B cells

Authors


  • Supported by grants from Société Française du Cancer, Société Française d'Hématologie, Ligue Nationale contre le Cancer, Association pour la Recherche sur le Cancer and Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique.

J. Delic, Laboratoire de Radiobiologie et Oncologie, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, 18 route du panorama, B.P. 6, 92265 Fontenay-aux-roses, France.
E-mail: jozo.delic@cea.fr

Summary

Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is an important determinant of genomic stability in mammalian cells. This DNA repair pathway is upregulated in a subset of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) cells resistant to DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Using an in vitro assay for double-strand breaks (DSB) end ligation, we studied the fidelity of DSB repair in B-CLL cells which were resistant or sensitive to in vitro DSB-induced apoptosis with concomitant patients’ resistance or sensitivity to chemotherapy, respectively. The fidelity of DNA repair was determined by DNA sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products cloned in pGEM-T vector. Sequence analysis of DNA end junctions showed that the frequency of accurate ligation was higher in sensitive B-CLL cells and control cell lines, than in resistant cells where end joining was associated with extended deletions. Upregulated and error-prone NHEJ in resistant cells could be a quite possible mechanism underlying both genomic instability and poor clinical outcome.

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