An open-label, unit dose-finding study of AMG 531, a novel thrombopoiesis-stimulating peptibody, in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura


Professor Adrian Newland, Department of Haematology, The Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK.


The objective of this open label, phase 1–2, multicentre trial was to evaluate the safety of AMG 531, a novel thrombopoiesis-stimulating peptibody, and its effect on platelet counts in adults with immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Four patients were assigned to each of four unit-dose cohorts: 30, 100, 300 or 500 μg, administered subcutaneously on days 1 and 15 (or day 22 if the day 15 platelet count was >50 × 109/l). Safety was assessed by adverse event (AE) monitoring, clinical laboratory studies and antibody assays. Platelet response was defined as a platelet count double the baseline value and between 50 and 450 × 109/l. Sixteen patients (10 women) were enrolled. The 500-μg cohort was discontinued because the first patient's platelet count became unacceptably high. AEs were generally expected and mild or moderate; the most frequent was headache (eight of 16 patients). Two patients experienced serious AEs related to AMG 531 (severe headache and elevated serum lactic dehydrogenase; thrombocytopenia). Platelet responses occurred with all doses and with a dose equivalent to ≥1 μg/kg in eight of 11 patients. In summary, patients tolerated AMG 531 well at the doses tested. No anti-AMG or antithrombopoietin antibodies were detected. Doses equivalent to ≥1 μg/kg increased platelet counts.