Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AILT) is a malignant disease of peripheral T-cell origin that is characterized by a prominent proliferation of high endothelial venules in the lymph node. To investigate angiogenic mechanisms in AILT we measured the angiogenic mediator gene expression levels in the lymph nodes of 54 non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients, by immunostaining and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Angiogenic mediators angiopoietin (Ang) 1 (ANGPT1), Ang2 (ANGPT2) and their receptor, Tie2 (TEK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; VEGFA) and its receptor, VEGFR2 (KDR), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, c-Met (MET) were all more highly expressed in AILT lymph nodes (16 cases) than in B-cell lymphomas (24 cases). Moreover, significantly higher Ang1 and Tie2 expression was detected in AILT cases with CD10-positive neoplastic T-cells by comparison with unspecified peripheral T-cell lymphoma (14 cases). Immunostaining confirmed the expression of Ang1 and VEGF by both neoplastic T-cells and follicular dendritic cells. These results suggest that the angiopoietin system may play an important role in the development of high vascularity in AILT lymph nodes. Consequently, as neoplastic T-cells and follicular dendritic cells are both increased in AILT and may represent an important source of angiogenic mediators, targeting these cells with anti-angiogenic strategies might represent a novel therapy for AILT.