Independent evaluation of the Triple P Positive Parenting Program in family support service settings

Authors

  • David McConnell,

    1. Professor and Director, Family and Disability Studies Initiative
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  • Rhonda Breitkreuz,

    1. Assistant Professor, Human Ecology
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  • Amber Savage

    Corresponding author
    1. Research Coordinator, Family and Disability Studies Initiative, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
      Amber Savage, Family and Disability Studies Initiative, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 3-66 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G4, Canada. E-mail: amsavage@ualberta.ca
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Amber Savage, Family and Disability Studies Initiative, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 3-66 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G4, Canada. E-mail: amsavage@ualberta.ca

ABSTRACT

The Triple P Positive Parenting Program is a multilevel system of behaviour-based parenting training and support. The aim of this study was to determine whether implementation of levels 2 and 3 of the Triple P system, designed for primary care settings, enhances parent, child and family outcomes compared with services-as-usual in Alberta, Canada. The study employed a quasi-experimental, single-blind and post-test-only design. A survey incorporating outcome measures was administered to a sample of 1296 parent-clients. A total of 923 parents responded, including 172 parents who had received a Triple P (level 2 and/or 3) intervention during the previous 12 weeks. A significant interaction was found between participation in a group-based parent education programme and receipt of Triple P. Parents who participated in a group-based parent education programme, and who received a Triple P intervention reported somewhat higher levels of need satisfaction than parents who participated in a group-based parent education programme but who did not receive a Triple P intervention. No significant difference was found between Triple P and service-as-usual groups on any secondary outcome measures including parenting stress, positive interaction, family functioning and child problem behaviours.

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