Post-partum depression and infant growth in a South African peri-urban settlement
Version of Record online: 3 JAN 2006
Child: Care, Health and Development
Volume 32, Issue 1, pages 81–86, January 2006
How to Cite
Tomlinson, M., Cooper, P. J., Stein, A., Swartz, L. and Molteno, C. (2006), Post-partum depression and infant growth in a South African peri-urban settlement. Child: Care, Health and Development, 32: 81–86. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2006.00598.x
- Issue online: 3 JAN 2006
- Version of Record online: 3 JAN 2006
- Accepted for publication 1 November 2005
- post-natal depression
Aim To examine the association between maternal post-natal depression and infant growth.
Background Infant growth has recently been shown, in two studies from South Asia, to be adversely affected by maternal depression in the early post-partum period. It is uncertain whether a similar association obtains in developing countries outside Asia.
Method A sample of 147 mother–infant dyads was recruited from a peri-urban settlement outside Cape Town and seen at 2 and 18 months post partum.
Results No clear effect of post-partum depression on infant growth was found. Although maternal depression at 2 months was found to be associated with lower infant weight at 18 months, when birthweight was considered this effect disappeared.
Conclusions Possible explanations for the non-replication of the South Asian findings are considered.