The roles of gender, age and cognitive development in children's pedestrian route selection
Article first published online: 7 FEB 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Child: Care, Health and Development
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 280–286, March 2012
How to Cite
Barton, B. K., Ulrich, T. and Lyday, B. (2012), The roles of gender, age and cognitive development in children's pedestrian route selection. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38: 280–286. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01202.x
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 7 FEB 2011
- Accepted for publication 31 October 2010
- cognitive development;
- developmental differences;
- pedestrian route selection;
- pedestrian safety
Objective Thousands of American children under the age of 10 years are injured annually as pedestrians. Despite the scope of this public health problem, knowledge about behavioural control and developmental factors involved in the aetiology of child pedestrian safety is limited. The present study examined the roles of gender, age and two aspects of cognitive development (visual search and efficiency of processing) in children's safe pedestrian route selection.
Methods Measures of cognitive functioning (visual search and efficiency) and selections of risky pedestrian routes were collected from 65 children aged 5–9 years.
Results Boys, younger children and those with less developed cognitive functioning selected riskier pedestrian routes. Cognitive functioning also subsumed age as a predictor of risky route selections.
Conclusions Our findings suggest developmental differences, specifically less developed cognitive functioning, play important roles in children's pedestrian decision making. Directions for future examination are discussed.