How first-time mothers perceive and deal with teething symptoms: a randomized controlled trial
Article first published online: 6 MAR 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Child: Care, Health and Development
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 292–299, March 2012
How to Cite
Plutzer, K., Spencer, A. J. and Keirse, M. J. N. C. (2012), How first-time mothers perceive and deal with teething symptoms: a randomized controlled trial. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38: 292–299. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01215.x
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 6 MAR 2011
- Accepted for publication 21 December 2010
- health promotion;
- parent education;
- randomized controlled trial;
Background Teething, especially in their first child, continues to be a daunting problem for parents.
Objective The objective of this paper was to assess the effects of providing first-time mothers with information about symptoms commonly associated with teething and ways to manage these.
Methods In a randomized controlled trial to decrease the incidence of early childhood caries, we included information on teething as another issue in a child's oral health. Mothers in the intervention group received three rounds of printed information: at enrolment during pregnancy and when the child was 6 and 12 months old. Information on teething arrived when a child reached 6 months of age. Outcome assessment was at 20 ± 2.5 months of age. Data were complemented with a systematic search for evidence on teething symptoms and how to alleviate them in other populations.
Results Of 649 expectant mothers enrolled in the study, 441 completed the ‘Child's oral health’ questionnaire. There were no significant differences in teething symptoms reported by mothers in the intervention (n= 232) and control (n= 209) groups. However, mothers in the intervention group were less likely to use topical and oral medications to manage teething problems (P < 0.03) and relied more on rubbing the gums to ease discomfort (P < 0.005) than mothers in the control group.
Conclusions Providing mothers with information on how to address teething symptoms markedly reduced the use of medications for symptom relief. There is still need for better evidence, first, on what symptoms can or cannot be attributed to teething and, second, on what is effective in alleviating them.