Internationally adopted children in Finland: parental evaluations of symptoms of reactive attachment disorder and learning difficulties – FINADO study
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Child: Care, Health and Development
Volume 38, Issue 5, pages 697–705, September 2012
How to Cite
Raaska, H., Elovainio, M., Sinkkonen, J., Matomäki, J., Mäkipää, S. and Lapinleimu, H. (2012), Internationally adopted children in Finland: parental evaluations of symptoms of reactive attachment disorder and learning difficulties – FINADO study. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38: 697–705. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01289.x
- Issue published online: 2 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2011
- Accepted for publication 22 May 2011
- FINADO study;
- international adoption;
- learning difficulties;
- reactive attachment disorder
Objective This study investigated the association between psychological symptoms, such as features of reactive attachment disorder (RAD), and learning difficulties among international adoptees in Finland.
Methods The data for this study came from the FINnish ADOption (FINADO) study covering all internationally adopted children in Finland (n= 1450), with a response rate of 55.7%. The subsample consisted of 395 adopted children aged 9–15 (51.6% girls, 48.4% boys). Learning difficulties were evaluated by a screening questionnaire ‘Five To Fifteen’ and symptoms of RAD by FINADO RAD scale.
Results The parents estimated that one-third (33.4%) of the internationally adopted children had some, and 12.7% had severe learning difficulties, i.e. three and six times more than in normal population, respectively. RAD symptoms at the time of adoption were associated with learning difficulties at school age (OR 4.57, 95% CI 2.57–8.13).
Conclusions Learning difficulties are common among internationally adopted children in Finland and symptoms of RAD are associated with a child's learning difficulties.