Clinical & Experimental Allergy

Recognition of food-allergic patients and their allergens by the RAST technique and clinical investigation

Authors


Dr D. G. Wraith, Brook General Hospital, Shooters Hill, London SE 18.

Summary

Sera from 119 patients with possible food allergies were tested against a panel of thirteen food allergens by the RAST technique. The results were compared with in vivo tests. 79% of foods causing symptoms gave a positive RAST to the specific food. Symptoms were grouped according to their time of appearance after taking the food; ‘immediate’ up to 1 hr and ‘non-immediate’ more than 1 hr afterwards. Almost all those with ‘immediate’ symptoms were already aware of the foods causing them and there was a 100% correlation of the RAST result with these. Only a few of those with ‘non-immediate’ symptoms were previously aware that these foods were responsible, and 64% of these gave a positive RAST. The majority of patients with a positive RAST result had total IgE in excess of 300 u/ml, had specific IgE antibodies against one or more common inhalant allergens, were under the age of 30 years and had a combination of asthma and eczema.

We found the RAST method a useful and safe guide upon which to base a clinical investigation of food allergy, especially for patients whose symptoms appeared more than 1 hr after the food and in whom the relationship between their symptoms and food was not apparent. The RAST technique was surprisingly successful in identifying the foods which caused these ‘non-immediate’ symptoms.

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