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Species specific grass pollen sensitivity: diagnosis and treatment with single grass species Allpyral vaccines

Authors


Dr H. Morrow Brown, Midlands Asthma and Allergy Research Association, Derby Chest and Allergy Clinic, 93 Green Lane, Derby DE1 1RX.

Summary

Skin test titrations and nasal provocation tests in sixty patients with hay fever showed specific reactions to extracts of individual grass species. There was, however, no correlation between skin and nasal sensitivity. Repeat testing after treatment with Allpyral vaccines consisting of only the grass species to which the nasal reaction was most severe, or only one of several pollens to which reactions were equally severe, showed marked diminution of skin and nasal sensitivity not only to the single pollen used for immuno-therapy but to all five common pollens used in the Allpyral grass mix. Clinical results seemed much improved as compared with results in the same year for Allpyral five grass mix vaccines, especially in the case of patients treated with Timothy, rye, or cocksfoot. It was concluded that these three grasses were to be preferred for treatment in England, and that these grasses contain common allergens.

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