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Clinical & Experimental Allergy

The effect of seasonal and domestic factors on the distribution of Euroglyphus maynei in the homes of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergic patients

Authors

  • M. J. WALSHAW,

    Corresponding author
    1. Regional Adult Cardiothoracic Unit, Broadgreen Hospital, Liverpool
      Dr M. J. Walshaw, Senior Medical Registrar, Regional Adult Cardiothoracic Unit, Broadgreen Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3LB, U.K.
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  • C. C. EVANS

    1. Regional Adult Cardiothoracic Unit, Broadgreen Hospital, Liverpool
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Dr M. J. Walshaw, Senior Medical Registrar, Regional Adult Cardiothoracic Unit, Broadgreen Hospital, Thomas Drive, Liverpool L14 3LB, U.K.

Summary

A survey of the house dust mite population was carried out in the homes of fifty asthmatic Liverpool individuals with strongly positive skin tests to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. As expected, D. pteronyssinus was the commonest species found. However, Euroglyphus maynei made up 37% of the total adult mite count and was the predominant species in 48% of beds examined. There was a good correlation between increasing numbers of E. maynei and decreasing social class, but only a weak one with percentage relative humidity. Ionic sodium levels in bed dust were found to correlate with decreasing social class and increasing E. maynei levels. In nineteen beds, mites were sampled at 4-monthly intervals for 1 year—this showed a relative decrease in the proportion of E. maynei compared with other mites in the autumn, when relative humidity was high. A further twenty beds underwent intensive house dust eradication (including the use of plastic covers) for 1 year—these beds showed a progressive fall in the proportion of E. maynei recovered, suggesting that this mite is more vulnerable to anti-house dust mite measures.

Euroglyphus maynei is a common house dust mite and further work needs to be done to assess its antigenic nature and clinical significance.

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