Get access
Clinical & Experimental Allergy

Effect of maternal avoidance of eggs, cow's milk and fish during lactation upon allergic manifestations in infants

Authors


Dr Gunnar Hattevig, Department of Pediatrics, Central Hospital, 541 85 Skövde, Sweden.

Summary

Atopic/allergic manifestations and skin-prick tests (SPT) to egg white, cow's milk (CM) and fish were evaluated during the first 18 months of life in two matched groups of infants with a family history of atopy/allergy. In one group (n= 65) the mothers had a diet free from eggs, CM and fish during the first 3 months postpartum, whereas the mothers in the other group (n= 50) consumed an ordinary diet. The diet of the infants was similar in both groups, i.e. CM was not supplied until 6 months of age, and eggs and fish not until 9 months of age. The incidence of atopic dermatitis was significantly lower in the maternal diet group during the first 6 months postpartum (10.8 and 28%, respectively) but not after that age. Other atopic/allergic manifestations did not differ and the number of positive SPT to egg white, CM or fish at 9 months of age was similar in both groups.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary