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Immunological specificity of chloramine-T-induced IgE antibodies in serum from a sensitized worker

Authors

  • U. WASS,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Occupational Allergy Unit, Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Sahlgrenska Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
      Dr Urban Wass, The Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Department of Medicine I, Sahlgrenska Hospital, S-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden.
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  • L. BELIN,

    1. The Occupational Allergy Unit, Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Sahlgrenska Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
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  • N. E. ERIKSSON

    1. Department of Medicine, Länssjukhuset, Halmstad, Sweden
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Dr Urban Wass, The Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Department of Medicine I, Sahlgrenska Hospital, S-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden.

Summary

A procedure for the preparation of chloramine-T (CT) conjugates used to assay IgE antibodies was developed using response surface methodology and serum from a subject occupationally exposed to the substance. The conjugates, synthesized by reacting CT with human serum albumin (HSA) and other protein carriers, were used as antigens in a radio-allergosorbent test (RAST). Human serum albumin was found to be a suitable carrier, although other protein carriers also gave specific IgE-binding of a similar extent. The CT-HSA conjugates used in the RAST were characterized by high performance liquid chromatography, electrophoresis, immunodiffusion and ammonium sulphate precipitation. However, no strong correlation was seen between the ability of the conjugates to bind IgE and their physical or immuno-chemical properties. The hapten and carrier specificity of CT-induced IgE antibodies in the subject's serum were studied by direct RAST and RAST inhibition. No existence of new antigenic determinants related to the carrier could be demonstrated. Although HSA as a carrier was altered immunochemically by CT, the IgE antibodies were found to be specific to hapten only. Chloramine-T-specific IgG antibodies could not be demonstrated in the subject's serum.

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