In allergic asthma eosinophils infiltrate into the lung after allergen challenge. The mechanism of this cellular infiltration is not fully understood. L-Selectin is involved in leucocyte-endothelial cell recognition and participates in homing of leucocytes into sites of inflammation. To find indications for a role of L-Selectin in the migration of eosinophils to the bronchoalveolar space we measured L-Selectin expression on eosinophils in peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) 4 hr after the early allergic reaction after allergen challenge. Nine patients with allergic asthma participated in the study. An eosinophil specific high depolarization signal enabled us to measure L-Selectin expression on eosinophils in a FACS analysis without isolation of these cells. Eosinophils recovered from BAL showed a strong decrease of L-Selectin expression compared to blood eosinophils. This decrease in L-Selectin expression can be induced in vitro by activation of eosinophils with PMA or FMLP whereas priming of eosinophils during several hours with GM-CSF did not influence L-Selectin expression. Our results are a first indication that L-Selectin may play a role during homing of eosinophils in the lung in asthma after allergen challenge. Moreover, the low expression of L-Selectin on eosinophils in the lung is a further indication that these cells exhibit an activated phenotype.