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Clinical & Experimental Allergy

A placebo-controlled study of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray and beclomethasone dipropionate in perennial rhinitis: efficacy in allergic and non-allergic perennial rhinitis

Authors


Mr D. H, Richards. Respiratory Department, Glaxo Research & Development Ltd, Stock ley Park West. Uxbridge UB11 1BT. UK.

Summary

Background: Fluticasone propionate is a new potent, topically active corticosteroid with ncgligahle oral bioavailability. Data on its comparative efficacy in perennial allergic and non-allergic rhinitis are limited.

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) 200μg once or twice daily with beclomethasone dipropionate aqueous nasal spray (BDP) 200μg twice daily and placebo in patients with allergic and nonallergic perennial rhinitis.

Methods: The 12-week study had a multicenlre, double-blind, randomized, parallel group design. Efficacy was assessed from symptom scores recorded on daily diary cards.

Results: FPANS 200μg once or twice daily was significantly better than placebo but not better than BDP in relieving the nasal symptoms of rhinitis. FPANS at either dose was equally effective in the treatment of allergic and non-allergic perennial rhinitis. There were few adverse events and no treatment-related abnormalities in laboratory measurements in either FPANS-treated group. Comparisons between treatment groups indicated that FPANS was as well tolerated as placebo and BDP at the doses studied.

Conclusions: In the majority of patients FPANS 200μg once daily is as effective as BDP 200μg twice daily in the relief of perennial allergic rhinitis.

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