Background House dust mites are regarded as important indoor allergens. While the most studies mite allergens are low molecular weight (mw), a high mw Dermatophagoides farinae mite paramyosin (Der f 11) has recently been cloned. We have also cloned a novel high mw Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) mite allergen, Der p 11.
Objective The aim of this study was to isolate and express a cDNA gene coding for a Der p 11 allergen, to compare the sequence of Der p 11 with other antigens and to evaluate the presence of IgE reactivity to the recombinant protein (rDer p 11) in the sera of allergic adult patients.
Methods The full-length Der p 11 gene was isolated by cDNA library screening, 5′-3′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends and PCR. The cDNA gene was expressed as a glutathione-S-transferase fusion protein in Escherichia coli. The allergenicity of rDer p 11 was tested by human IgE immunodot or immunoblot assay in a large panel of 100 allergic patients with bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis or eczema.
Results Der p 11 is a 2965 bp cDNA gene with a 2625 bp open reading frame coding for a 875 amino acid protein. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Der p 11 showed significant homology with various invertebrate paramyosins. The prevalence of serum IgE reactivity to rDer p 11 on immunodot assay ranged from 41.7% to 66.7% in different allergic patient groups, whereas it was rare in non-atopic patients with urticaria (18.8%) and in normal individuals (8%). A high frequency (five out of eight) of MAST(Dp)− allergic serum samples had specific IgE-binding activity to rDer p 11 or its fragments on immunoblot assay, even though their IgE-binding activity to Dp extract was either weak or negative.
Conclusion The 103-kDa Der p 11 appears to be major Dp mite allergen with a high frequency of IgE reactivity in sera of patients allergic to mites.