SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Barker DJ. The fetal origins of diseases of old age. Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46 (Suppl. 3): S39.
  • 2
    Warner JA, Jones CA, Jones AC, Warner JO. Prenatal origins of allergic disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000; 105: S4936.
  • 3
    Leadbitter P, Pearce N, Cheng S et al . Relationship between fetal growth and the development of asthma and atopy in childhood. Thorax 1999; 54: 90510.
  • 4
    Godfrey KM, Barker DJP, Osmond C. Disproportionate fetal growth and raised IgE concentration in adult life. Clin Exp Allergy 1994; 24: 6418.
  • 5
    Fergusson DM, Crane J, Beasley R, Horwood LJ. Perinatal factors and atopic disease in childhood. Clin Exp Allergy 1997; 27: 1394401.
  • 6
    Olesen AB, Ellingsen AR, Olesen H, Juul S, Thestrup-Pedersen K. Atopic dermatitis and birth factors: historical follow up by record linkage. BMJ 1997; 314: 10038.
  • 7
    Karmaus W, Arshad H, Mattes J. Does the sibling effect have its origin in utero? Investigating birth order, cord blood immunoglobulin E concentration, and allergic sensitization at age 4 years. Am J Epidemiol 2001; 154: 90915.
  • 8
    Benn CS, Jeppesen DL, Hasselbalch H et al . Thymus size and head circumference at birth and the development of allergic diseases. Clin Exp Allergy 2001; 31: 18626.
  • 9
    Beasley R, Leadbitter P, Pearce N, Crane J. Is enhanced fetal growth a risk factor for the development of atopy or asthma? Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1999; 118: 40810.
  • 10
    Weiland SK, Von Mutius E, Hirsch T et al . Prevalence of respiratory and atopic disorders among children in the East and West of Germany five years after unification. Eur Respir J 1999; 14: 86270.
  • 11
    Asher MI, Keil U, Anderson HR et al . International study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC): rationale and methods. Eur Respir J 1995; 8: 48391.
  • 12
    Arshad SH, Stevens M, Hide DW. The effect of genetic and environmental factors on the prevalence of allergic disorders at the age of two years. Clin Exp Allergy 1993; 23: 50411.
  • 13
    Xu B, Pekkanen J, Laitinen J, Järvelin MR. Body build from birth to adulthood and risk of asthma. Eur J Public Health 2002; 12: 16670.
  • 14
    Pekkanen J, Xu B, Järvelin MR. Gestational age and occurrence of atopy at age 31 – a prospective birth cohort study in Finland. Clin Exp Allergy 2001; 31: 95102.
  • 15
    Burney P, Malmberg E, Chinn S, Jarvis D, Luczynska C, Lai E. On behalf of The European Community Respiratory Health Survey. The distribution of total and specific serum IgE in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1997; 99: 31422.
  • 16
    Martinez FD, Wright AL, Taussig LM, Holberg CJ, Halonen M, Morgan WJ. Asthma and wheezing in the first six years of life. The Group Health Medical Associates. N Engl J Med 1995; 332: 1338.
  • 17
    Von Mutius E, Nicolai T, Martinez FD. Prematurity as a risk factor for asthma in preadolescent children. J Pediatr 1993; 123: 2239.
  • 18
    Schwartz J, Gold D, Dockery DW, Weiss ST, Speizer FE. Predictors of asthma and persistent wheeze in a national sample of children in the United States. Association with social class, perinatal events, and race. Am Rev Respir Dis 1990; 142: 55562.
  • 19
    Oliveti JF, Kercsmar CM, Redline S. Pre- and perinatal risk factors for asthma in inner city African-American children. Am J Epidemiol 1996; 143: 5707.
  • 20
    Seidman DS, Laor A, Gale R, Stevenson DK, Danon YL. Is low birth weight a risk factor for asthma during adolescence? Arch Dis Child 1991; 66: 5847.