• 1
    Woolcock AJ. The problem of asthma worldwide. Eur Respir Rev 1991; 1: 2436.
  • 2
    Sly RM. Increases in deaths from asthma. Ann Allergy 1984; 53: 205.
  • 3
    Evans R III, Mullally DI, Wilson RW et al. National trends in the morbidity and mortality of asthma in the US. Prevalence, hospitalization and death from asthma over two decades: 1965–1984. Chest 1987; 91 (Suppl.): 65S74S.
  • 4
    Halfon N, Newacheck PW. Trends in the hospitalization for acute childhood asthma, 1970–84. Am J Public Health 1986; 76: 130811.
  • 5
    Gergen PJ, Weiss KB. Changing patterns of asthma hospitalization among children: 1979 to 1987. JAMA 1990; 264: 168892.
  • 6
    Weiss KB, Sullivan SD, Lyttle CS. Trends in the cost of illness for asthma in the United States, 1985–1994. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000; 106: 4939.
  • 7
    Senthilselvan A. Prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma in Saskatchewan, 1981 to 1990. Chest 1998; 114: 38892.
  • 8
    Vollmer WM, Osborne ML, Buist AS. 20-year trends in the prevalence of asthma and chronic airflow obstruction in an HMO. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 157: 107984.
  • 9
    Crater DD, Heise S, Perzanowski M et al. Asthma hospitalization trends in Charleston, South Carolina, 1956 to 1997: twenty-fold increase among black children during a 30-year period. Pediatrics 2001; 108: 16.
  • 10
    Downs SH, Marks GB, Sporik R, Belosouva EG, Car NG, Peat JK. Continued increase in the prevalence of asthma and atopy. Arch Dis Child 2001; 84: 203.
  • 11
    Akinbami LJ, Schoendorf KC. Trends in childhood asthma: prevalence, health care utilization, and mortality. Pediatrics 2002; 100: 31522.
  • 12
    Eggleston PA, Buckley TJ, Breysse PN, Wills-Karp M, Kleeberger SR, Jaakkola JJ. The environment and asthma in US inner cities. Environ Health Perspect 1999; 107 (Suppl. 3): 43950.
  • 13
    The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Steering Committee. Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. Lancet 1998; 351: 122532.
  • 14
    Lee HR, Hong DS, Sohn KC. The prevalence of allergic diseases in children. Korean Med J 1983; 26: 25462.
  • 15
    Shin TS, Lee GJ, Yoon HS. Survey on the distribution of allergic diseases in primary schoolchildren. Korean J Allergy 1990; 10: 20112.
  • 16
    Kim YY, Cho SH, Kim WK et al. Prevalence of childhood asthma based on questionnaires and methacholine bronchial provocation test in Korea. Clin Exp Allergy 1997; 27: 7618.
  • 17
    Lee SI, Shin MH, Lee HB et al. Prevalences of symptoms of asthma and other allergic diseases in Korean children: a nationwide questionnaire survey. J Korean Med Sci 2001; 16: 15564.
  • 18
    Beasley R, Crane J, Lai CKW, Pearce N. Prevalence and etiology of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000; 105: S46672.
  • 19
    Jarvis D, Burney PGJ. Epidemiology of asthma. In: BusseWW, HolgateS, eds. Asthma and rhinitis, 2nd edn. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Scientific, 2000; 1732.
  • 20
    The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Steering Committee. Worldwide variations in the prevalence of asthma symptoms. Eur Respir J 1998; 12: 31535.
  • 21
    Hong SJ, Kim SW, Oh JW et al. The validity of the ISAAC written questionnaire and the ISAAC video questionnaire (AVQ 3.0) for predicting asthma associated with bronchial hyperreactivity in a group of 13–14 year old Korean schoolchildren. J Korean Med Sci 2003; 18: 4852.
  • 22
    Crane J. Comparison of findings from the ISAAC written and video questionnaires on asthma symptoms [abstract]. Eur Respir J 1996; 9: 230s.
  • 23
    Pearce N, Beasley R, Pekkanen J. Role of bronchial responsiveness testing in asthma prevalence surveys. Thorax 2000; 55: 3524.
  • 24
    Weinberg EG. Urbanization and childhood asthma: an African perspective. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2000; 105: 22431.
  • 25
    Von Mutius E, Schwartz J, Neas LM, Dockery D, Weiss ST. Relation of body mass index to asthma and atopy in children: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study III. Thorax 2001; 56: 8358.
  • 26
    Luder E, Melnik TA, DiMaio M. Association of being overweight with greater asthma symptoms in inner city black and Hispanic children. J Pediatr 1998; 132: 699703.
  • 27
    Huang SL, Shiao G, Chou P. Association between body mass index and allergy in teenage girls in Taiwan. Clin Exp Allergy 1999; 29: 3239.
  • 28
    Guerra S, Sherrill DL, Bobadilla A, Martinez FD, Barbee RA. The relation of body mass index to asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Chest 2002; 122: 125663.
  • 29
    Von Kries R, Koletzko B, Sauerwald T et al. Breastfeeding and obesity: cross sectional study. BMJ 1999; 319: 14750.
  • 30
    Weitzman M, Gortmaker S, Walker DK, Sobol A. Maternal smoking and childhood asthma. Pediatrics 1990; 85: 50511.
  • 31
    Ehrlich RI, Du Toit D, Jordaan E et al. Risk factors for childhood asthma and wheezing. Importance of maternal and household smoking. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154: 6818.
  • 32
    Morkjaroenpong V, Rand CS, Butz AM et al. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and nocturnal symptoms among inner-city children with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2002; 100: 14753.
  • 33
    Platts-Mills T, Vaughan J, Squillace S, Woodfolk J, Sporik R. Sensitization, asthma, and a modified Th2 response in children exposed to cat allergen: a population-based cross-sectional study. Lancet 2001; 357: 7526.