Background Allergic asthma is a complex disorder characterized by local and systemic T helper type 2 -cell responses such as the production of IL-13, a cytokine associated with the induction of airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR), chronic pulmonary eosinophilia, airway mucus overproduction and eosinophilic oesophagitis.
Objective Our study aimed to address the therapeutic potential of a human anti-human IL-13 IgG4 monoclonal antibody (CAT-354) in a murine model of respiratory and oesophageal inflammation induced by intratracheal human IL-13.
Methods BALB/c mice were treated on days 1 and 3 with CAT-354 (intraperitoneal injection), and human IL-13 was injected intratracheally on days 2 and 4. AHR to methacholine, airway eosinophilia in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, histologic analysis of goblet cell metaplasia and oesophageal eosinophilia were evaluated.
Results Human IL-13 induced airway eosinophilia and goblet cell metaplasia in mice in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, intratracheal dosing with 25 μg of human IL-13 was sufficient to induce AHR, goblet cell metaplasia and oesophageal eosinophilia. Pretreatment with CAT-354 significantly reduced AHR, airway eosinophilia and oesophageal eosinophilia.
Conclusion These results demonstrate that anti-human IL-13 (CAT-354) is a potential therapeutic treatment for allergic airway and oesophageal diseases.