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Detection of an allergen in dog dander that cross-reacts with the major cat allergen, Fel d 1

Authors


Correspondence:
Susanne Spitzauer, Clinical Institute for Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, AKH, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.
E-mail: susanne.spitzauer@meduniwien.ac.at

Summary

Background A considerable proportion of animal-allergic patients are sensitized to both cat and dog allergens but knowledge about cross-reactive allergens in cat and dog dander is limited.

Objective To investigate whether dog dander contains an allergen that cross-reacts with the major cat allergen, Fel d 1.

Methods Recombinant Fel d 1 with the same immunological properties as natural Fel d 1 was used for quantitative (CAP) IgE competition experiments performed with sera obtained from cat-allergic patients (n=36). A Fel d 1 cross-reactive dog allergen was characterized by one- and two-dimensional immunoblotting using rFel d 1 for IgE inhibition experiments and with monospecific, polyclonal rabbit anti-recombinant Fel d 1 antibodies.

Results In 25% of Fel d 1-reactive cat-allergic patients, more than 50% inhibition of IgE reactivity to dog allergens was achieved with recombinant Fel d 1. An Fel d 1 cross-reactive 20 kDa allergen with a pI of approximately 3.4 was detected in dander extracts of several different dog breeds.

Conclusion This is the first report demonstrating the presence of an Fel d 1-like allergen in dog dander extracts, which may be responsible for double positivity to cat and dog in serology. However, the clinical relevance of this cross-sensitization needs to be confirmed. These results are important for the diagnostic and therapeutic use of dog dander allergen extracts.

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