Background Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells that efficiently activate T cells.
Objective We examined the effects of suplatast tosilate, which prevents T-helper type 2 responses, on the differentiation and function of monocyte-derived DCs (moDCs).
Methods DCs were differentiated in vitro from peripheral monocytes from patients with asthma by the addition of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-4 in the presence or absence of suplatast tosilate. Cell surface molecules (CD1a, CD14, CD80, CD83, CD86, HLA-DR) on immature and mature DCs were analysed with flow cytometry, and the secretion of CC chemokine ligand (CCL)17 (thymus and activation-regulated chemokine), IL-12p70, IL-12p40, and IL-10 was measured with an ELISA. We also studied the proliferative responses of allogeneic CD4+ T cells from healthy subjects to DCs differentiated in the presence of suplatast tosilate. In addition, the production of IFN-γ and IL-5 by CD4+ T cells after coculture with untreated DCs or suplatast tosilate-treated DCs was measured with ELISA.
Results Suplatast tosilate significantly inhibited the expression of CD1a, CD80, and CD86 on immature DCs and of CD1a, CD80, CD83, and CD86 on mature DCs. Suplatast tosilate also significantly inhibited the secretion of CCL17, IL-12p70, and IL-12p40; however, the secretion of IL-10 was not affected. The proliferative responses of allogeneic CD4+ T cells to suplatast tosilate-treated DCs were suppressed. Moreover, suplatast tosilate-treated DCs had an impaired capacity to stimulate CD4+ T cells to produce IFN-γ and IL-5.
Conclusion Suplatast tosilate inhibits the differentiation, maturation, and function of moDCs.