Frequent baked egg ingestion was not associated with change in rate of decline in egg skin prick test in children with challenge confirmed egg allergy
Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Clinical & Experimental Allergy
Volume 42, Issue 12, pages 1782–1790, December 2012
How to Cite
Cite this as: Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2012 (42) 1782–1790, , , , , ,
- Issue published online: 26 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 26 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 26 NOV 2011
- baked egg;
- egg allergy;
- natural history;
- skin prick test;
It is controversial whether egg-allergic children should strictly avoid all forms of egg, or if regular ingestion of baked egg will either delay or hasten the resolution of egg allergy.
This is the first study to examine the relationship between frequency of baked egg ingestion and rate of decline in egg skin prick test size in egg-allergic children.
This was a retrospective clinical cohort study. All children with challenge-proven egg allergy who attended the Royal Children's Hospital Allergy Department 1996–2005 and had at least two egg skin prick tests performed in this period were included (n = 125). Frequency of baked egg ingestion was assessed by telephone questionnaire as follows: (a) frequent (> once per week), (b) regular (> once every 3 months, up to ≤ once per week) or (c) strict avoidance (≤ once every 3 months). The relationship between frequency of baked egg ingestion and rate of decline in egg skin prick test size was examined by multiple linear regression, adjusting for potential confounders.
Mean rate of decline in egg skin prick test size in all children was 0.7 mm/year (95% CI 0.5–1.0 mm/year). There was no evidence (P = 0.57) that the rate of decline in egg skin prick test size differed between children who undertook frequent ingestion (n = 21, mean 0.4 mm/year, 95% CI −0.3–1.2 mm/year), regular ingestion (n = 37, mean 0.9 mm/year, 95% CI 0.4–1.4 mm/year) or strict avoidance (n = 67, mean 0.7 mm/year, 95% CI 0.4–1.1 mm/year) of baked egg.
Compared with strict dietary avoidance, frequent consumption of baked egg was not associated with a different rate of decline in egg skin prick test size in egg-allergic children.
Given that dietary restrictions can adversely impact on the family, it is reasonable to consider liberalizing baked egg in the diet of egg-allergic children.