Urticarial Vasculitis, IgA deficiency and C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency in the presence of an IgG monoclonal gammopathy—a case report



A female patient, currently aged 40, has attended our Lupus Clinic for 8 years with a clinical picture of urticarial vasculitis, joint pains, severe myalgias and abdominal pain which has occurred in bouts at irregular intervals. She has been found to have consistently reduced C4 levels, C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency and a persistent monoclonal band in the gamma region on electrophoresis. Her serum IgA level has been continuously low.

Her symptoms have failed to respond to antihistamines and a variety of other measures but have been partially alleviated by immunosuppressive therapy (‘pulsed’ cyclophosphamide).

We believe that this is the first patient described showing this combination of clinical and laboratory features.