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Diagnosing chronic hand eczema by an algorithm: a tool for classification in clinical practice

Authors


  • Conflict of interest: SM has acted as speaker and consultant for and received travel grants and honoraria from Basilea Pharmaceutica. TD has acted as a principal investigator for and has received lecture and consultancy fees from Basilea Pharmaceutica. TR has acted as a principal investigator, speaker and consultant for Basilea Pharmaceutica.

Dr Sonja C. Molin, Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Ludwig Maximilian University, Frauenlobstrasse 9-11, D-80337 Munich, Germany
E-mail: sonja.molin@med.uni-muenchen.de

Summary

Background.  Diagnostic classification of chronic hand eczema (CHE) represents a major clinical and taxonomic challenge because of its wide aetiological and clinical heterogeneity.

Aim.  To develop an algorithm for the diagnosis and classification of CHE.

Methods.  Well-defined aetiological, clinical and morphological criteria of CHE were arranged graphically in a diagnostic hierarchy, and validated in 137 German patients with hand eczema.

Results.  The algorithm distinguished chronic hand eczema due to contact allergy, irritant damage or a combination of the two, each either with or without atopy, and also atopic hand eczema and idiopathic hand eczema lacking obvious causative factors. Foot involvement helped to distinguish idiopathic from irritant hand eczema. Each subtype could occur either with a hyperkeratotic–rhagadiform, dyshidrotic or mixed morphology, but certain hand eczema subtypes had clear morphological preferences.

Conclusions.  By providing a more precise clinical definition this diagnostic algorithm could improve the classification and taxonomy of hand eczema subtypes, facilitating more rational treatment decisions and allowing better treatment outcome analysis.

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