Dr Yoshimasu and Dr Nishide contributed equally to this study.
Susceptibility of T cell receptor-α chain knock-out mice to ultraviolet B light and fluorouracil: a novel model for drug-induced cutaneous lupus erythematosus
Article first published online: 8 APR 2004
Clinical & Experimental Immunology
Volume 136, Issue 2, pages 245–254, May 2004
How to Cite
YOSHIMASU, T., NISHIDE, T., SEO, N., HIROI, A., OHTANI, T., UEDE, K. and FURUKAWA, F. (2004), Susceptibility of T cell receptor-α chain knock-out mice to ultraviolet B light and fluorouracil: a novel model for drug-induced cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Clinical & Experimental Immunology, 136: 245–254. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2004.02458.x
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2004
- Article first published online: 8 APR 2004
- (Accepted for publication 3 March 2004)
- drug-induced cutaneous LE;
- TCR-α KO mouse;
- ultraviolet light
The anticancer agent 5-fluorouracil (FU) frequently induces cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE) lesions on sun exposed sites. Based on this observation, we have tried to establish a cutaneous LE model of C57BL/6 J (B6) mice, B6 T cell receptor (TCR)-α–/– mice and B6 TCR-δ–/– mice treated with FU and/or ultraviolet B light (UVBL) in order to clarify the role of T cells and the cytokine profile of cutaneous lupus lesions. Cutaneous LE-like skin lesions could be induced in TCR-α–/– mice with low FU (0·2 mg) plus UVBL, and in B6 mice treated with a high dose of FU (2·0 mg) plus UVBL. In contrast, low FU plus UVBL induced such skin lesions in TCR-δ–/– mice at a very low incidence. Specifically, the skin lesions of TCR-α–/– mice with low FU plus UVBL appeared more rapidly and were more severe than lesions in B6 mice. The former had the common characteristic features of human chronic cutaneous LE such as typical histology, positive IgG at the dermoepidermal junction, low antinuclear antibody and low mortality. Furthermore, a Th1 response was induced in the development of drug-induced cutaneous LE. FU and UVBL-induced cutaneous LE-like eruption is an excellent model for better understanding the pathomechanisms of skin lesion development in LE.