• CCR7;
  • immunodeficiency;
  • microarray;
  • T cell


Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents a heterogeneous group of antibody deficiency syndromes, characterized by defective antibody production in which T cell deficiency may play a pathogenic role. A subgroup of CVID patients has impaired in vitro T cell proliferation. Using microarray analyses of T cells from these patients, we found a gene expression pattern different from healthy controls and patients with X-linked agammaglobulinaemia. The profile of the differentially expressed genes suggests enhanced cytotoxic effector functions, antigen experienced or chronically activated T cells and a predominance of CCR7 T cells. Further experiments using flow cytometry revealed a striking predominance of CCR7 T cells in a subgroup of CVID patients, and an association with impaired T cell proliferation. Our observations indicate that a predominance of CCR7 T cells with effector-memory cell features and with reduced proliferative capacity may characterize a subgroup of CVID.