Immunoglobulin subclass determines ability of immunoglobulin (Ig)G to capture and activate neutrophils presented as normal human IgG or disease-associated anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-IgG

Authors


  • Grant supporter: Wellcome Trust.

T. Pankhurst, Institute of Biomedical Research, Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
E-mail: pankhurst.tanya@googlemail.com

Summary

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is a potent neutrophil stimulus, particularly when presented as anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA) in ANCA-associated vasculitis. We assessed whether IgG subclasses had differential effects on neutrophil activation and whether differences were dependent on specific Fc-receptor engagement. Using a physiologically relevant flow model, we compared adhesion of neutrophils to different subclasses of normal IgG coated onto solid surfaces, with adhesion of neutrophils treated with different subclasses of soluble ANCA IgG to P-selectin surfaces or endothelial cells (EC). Normal IgG captured flowing neutrophils efficiently in the order IgG3 > IgG1 > IgG2 > IgG4. Fc-receptor blockade reduced capture, IgG3 being more dependent on CD16 and IgG1/2 on CD32. Blockade of the integrin CD18 reduced neutrophil spreading, while inhibition of calcium-dependent signalling reduced both capture and spreading, suggesting that both were active processes. Neutrophils treated with ANCA IgG subclasses 1, 3 and 4 showed stabilization of adhesion to P-selectin surfaces and EC. ANCA changed neutrophil behaviour from rolling to static adhesion and the potency of the subclasses followed the same pattern as above: IgG3 > IgG1 > IgG4. Blockade of Fc receptors resulted in neutrophils continuing to roll, i.e. they were not ANCA-activated; differential utilization of Fc receptor by particular IgG subclasses was not as apparent as during neutrophil capture by normal IgG. IgG3 is the most effective subclass for inducing neutrophil adhesion and altered behaviour, irrespective of whether the IgG is surface bound or docks onto neutrophil surface antigens prior to engaging Fc receptors. Engagement of Fc receptors underpins these responses; the dominant Fc receptor depends on IgG subclass.

Ancillary