SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Adinoff, A.D. & Hollister, J.R. (1983) Steroid-induced fractures and bone loss in patients with asthma. New England Journal of Medicine, 309, 2658.
  • Aloia, J.F., Vaswani, A., Kapoor, A., Yeh, J.K. & Cohn, S.H. (1985) Treatment of osteoporosis with calcitonin, with and without growth hormone. Metabolism, 34, 124128.
  • Aloia, J.F., Vaswani, A., Meunier, P.J., Edouard, CM., Arlot, M.E., Yeh, J.K. & Coh, S.H. (1987). Coherence treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with growth hormone and calcitonin. Calcified Tissue International 40, 253259.
  • Au, W.Y.W. (1976) Cortisol stimulation of parathyroid hormone secretion by rat parathyroid glands in organ culture. Science, 193, 10151017.
  • Avion, L.V., Birge, S.J. & Lee, S.W. (1968) Effects of prednisone on vitamin D metabolism in man. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology, 28, 13411346.
  • Boross, J., Kinsella, J., Cheng, L. & Sacktor, B. (1986) Glucorticoids and metabolic acidosis-induced renal transports of inorganic phosphate, calcium and NH4. American Journal of Physiology, 250, F827F833.
  • Braun, J.J., Birkenhager-Frenkel, D.H., Reitveld, A.H., Juttmann, J.R., Visser, T.J. & Birkenhager, J.C. (1983) Influence of la-(OH)D3 administration on bone and bone mineral metabolism in patients on chronic glucocorticoid treatment; a double blind controlled study. Clinical Endocrinology, 18, 265273.
  • Braun, J.J., Juttmann, J.R., Visser, T.J. & Birkenhager, J.C. (1982) Short-term effect or prednisone on serum 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D in normal individuals and in hyper- and hypoparathyroidism. Clinical Endocrinology, 17, 2128.
  • Bressot, C, Meunier, P.J., Chapuy, M.C, Lejeune, E., Edouard, C. & Darby, A.J. (1979) Histomorpho- metric profile, pathophysiology and reversibility of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Metabolic Bone Disease and Related Research, 1, 303311.
  • Briancon, D. & Meunier, P.J. (1981) Treatment of osteoporosis with fluoride, calcium and vitamin D. Orthopaedic Clinics of North America 12, 629648.
  • Brown, J.P., Delmas, P.D., Malaval, L., Edouard, C, Chapuy, M.C. & Meunier, P.J. (1984) Serum bone Gla-protein: a specific marker for bone formation in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Lancet, I, 1091.
  • Canalis, E. (1980) Effect of insulin-like growth factor I on DNA and protein synthesis in cultured rat calvaria. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 66, 709719.
  • Canalis, E. (1984) Effect of Cortisol on periosteal and nonperiosteal collagen and DNA synthesis in cultured rat calvariae. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 158166.
  • Caniggia, A., Marchetti, M., Gennari, C, Vattimo, A. & Nicholis, F.B. (1977) Effects of a new glucocorticoid, oxazacort, on some variables connected with bone metabolism in man: A comparison prednisone. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 15, 126134.
  • Caniggia, A., Nuti, R., Lore', F. & Vattimo, A. (1981) Pathophysiology of the adverse effects of glucoacti ve corticosteroids on calcium metabolism in man. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 15, 153161.
  • Caputo, C.B., Meadows, D. & Raisz, L.G. (1976) Failure of estrogens and androgens to inhibit bone resorption in tissue culture. Endocrinology, 98, 10651068.
  • Carre, M., Ayigbede, O., Miravet, L. & Rasmussen, H. (1974) The effect of prednisolone upon the metabolism and action of 25-hydroxy and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin Dj. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. USA, 71, 29963000.
  • Chambers, T.J., Mcsheehy, P.M.J., Thomson, B.M. & Fuller, K. (1985) The effect of calcium-regulating hormones and prostaglandins on bone resorption by osteoclasts disaggregated from neonatal rabbit bones. Endocrinology, 60, 234239.
  • Chen, T.L., Cone, CM. & Feloman, D. (1983b) Glucocorticoid modulation of ceil proliferation in cultured osteoblast-like bone cells: differences between rat and mouse. Endocrinology, 112, 17391745.
  • Chen, T.L., Cone, CM., Morey-Holton, E. & Feldman, D. (1983a) 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptors in cultured rat osteoblast-like cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 258, 43504355.
  • Chen, T.L. & Feldman, D. (1978) Glucocorticoid potentiation of the adenosine 3′, 5′-monophosphate response to parathyroid hormone in cultured rat bone cells. Endocrinology, 102, 589596.
  • Chen, T.L. & Feldman, D. (1979) Glucocorticoid receptors and actions in subpopulations of cultured rat bone cells. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 63, 750758.
  • Chen, T.L., Hauschka, P.V. & Feldman, D. (1986) Dexamethasone increases 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor levels and augments bioresponses in rat osteoblast-like cells. Endocrinol 118: 11191126.
  • Chesney, R.W., Mazess, R.B., Hamstra, A.J., Deluca, H.F. & O'Reagan, S. (1978b) Reduction of serum-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-Dj in children receiving glucocorticoids. Lancet, ii, 11231125.
  • Chesney, R. W., Mazess, R.B., Rose, P. & Jax, D.K. (1978a) Effect of prednisone dn growth and bone mineralcontent in childhood glomerular disease. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 132, 768772.
  • Chipman, J.J., Zerwekh, J, Nicar, M., Marks, J. & Pak, C.Y.C. (1980) Effect of growth hormoneadministration: reciprocal changes in serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and intestinal calcium absorption. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 51, 321324.
  • Christiansen, C, Christensen, M.S., Mcnair, P., Hagen, C, Stocklund, K. & Transbol, I.B. (1980) Prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss controlled 2-year study in 315 normal females. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 10, 273279.
  • Chyun, Y.S. & Raisz, L.G. (1983) Comparison of the effects of arachidonic acid and prostaglandin E2 on the inhibition of bone formation by Cortisol. Calcified Tissue International, 35, 640 (abstract).
  • Chyun, Y.S., Cream, B.E. & Raisz, L.G. (1984) Cortisol decreases bone formation by inhibiting periosteal cell proliferation. Endocrinology, 114, 477480.
  • Colette, C, Monnier, L, Baldet, P., Blotman, F., Bonnel, F. & Mirouze, J. (1986) Effect of methyl prednisolone on 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D in rabbits. Hormone and Metabolic Research, 18, 146.
  • Condon, J.R., Dent, C.E., Nassim, J.R., Hilb, A. & Stainthorpe, E.M. (1978) Possible prevention and treatment of steroid-induced osteoporosis. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 54, 249252.
  • Crilly, R.G., Marshall, D.H. & Nordin, B.E.C. (1979) Metabolic effects of corticosteroid therapy in postmenopausal women. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 11, 429433.
  • Curtess, P.H., Clark, W.S. & Herndon, C.H. (1954) Vertebral fractures resulting from prolonged cortisone and corticotropins therapy. Journal of the American Medical Association 156, 467469.
  • Cushing, H. (1932) The basophil adenomas of the pituitary body and their clinical manifestations (pituitary basophilism). Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1, 137192.
  • Deding, A., Tougaard, L., Jensen, M.K. & Rodbro, P. (1977) Bone changes during prednisone treatment. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 202, 253255.
  • Delorme, A.C, Danan, J.L. & Mathieu, H. (1983) Biochemical evidence for the presence of two vitamin D- dependent calcium-binding proteins in mouse kidney. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 258, 18781884.
  • Dempster, D.W., Arlott, M.A. & Meunier, P.J. (1983) Mean wall thickness and formation periods of trabecular bone packets in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis. Calcified Tissue International, 35, 410417.
  • De Vernejoul, M.C., Pointillart, A., Bergot, C, Bielakoff, J., Morieux, C., Laval Jeantet, A.M. & Miravet, L. (1987) Different schedules of administration of (3-amino-l-hydroxy-propylidene)-I, I bisphosphonate induce different changes in pig bone remodelling. Calcified Tissue International, 40, 160165.
  • Dietrich, J.W., Canalis, E.M., Maina, D.M. & Raisz, G. (1979) Effects of glucocorticoids on fetal rat bone collagen synthesis in vitro. Endocrinology, 104, 715721.
  • Dinarello, C.A. & Mier, J.W. (1987) Lymphokines. New England Journal of Medicine, 317, 940945.
  • Doerr, P. & Pirke, K.M. (1976) Cortisol-induced suppression of plasma testosterone in normal adult males. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 43, 622629.
  • Dykman, T.R., Haralson, K.M., Gluck, O.S., Murphy, W.A., Teitelbaum, S.L., Hahn, T.J. & Hahn, B.H. (1984) Effect of oral 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D and calcium on glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia in patients with rheumatic diseases. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 27, 13361343.
  • Feher, J.J. & Wasserman, R.H. (1979) Intestinal calcium-binding protein and calcium absorption in cortisoltreated chicks: effects of vitamin D5 and 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 Endocrinology 104, 547551.
  • Feldman, D., Dziak, R., Koehler, R. & Stern, P. (1975) Cytoplasmic glucocorticoid binding proteins in bone cells. Endocrinology, 96, 29.
  • Findling, J.W., Adams, N.D., Lemann J. Jr., Gray, R.W., Thomas, C.J. & Tyrrell, J.B. (1982) Vitamin D metabolites and parathyroid hormone in Cushing's syndrome: relationship to calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 54, 10391044.
  • Fucik, R.F., Kukreja, S.C., Hargis, G.K., Bowser, E.N., Henderson, W.J. & Williams, G.A. (1975) Effect of glucocorticoids on function of the parathyroid glands in man. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 40, 152185.
  • Fuller, P.L. & Funder, J.W. (1976) Mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors in human kidney. Kidney International, 10, 154157.
  • Gallagher, J.A., Beresford, J.N., Macdonald, B.R. & Russell, R.G.G. (1984) Hormone target cell interactions in human bone. Osteoporosis (eds C.Christiansen et al.), pp. 431439. Glostrup Hospital.
  • Gennari, C, Bernini, M., Nardi, P., Fusi, L., Francini, G., Nami, R. & Montagnani, M. (1983) Glucocorticoids: radiocalcium and radiophosphate absorption in man. In Osteoporosis, a Multidisciplin- ary Problem (eds A.St J.Dixon, R.G.G.Russell & T.C.B.Stamp) Royal Society of Medicine, London , pp. 7580.
  • Gennari, C, Bernini, M., Nardi, P., Fusi, L., Nami, R. & Montagnani, M. (1984a) Hormones and the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate in man. Hormone Research, 20, 1321.
  • Gennari, C, Imbimbo, B., Montagnani, M., Bernini, M., Nardi, P. & Avioli, L.V. (1984b) Effects of prednisone and deflazacort on mineral metabolism and parathyroid hormone activity in humans,. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 245252.
  • Gluck, O.S., Murphy, W.A., Hahn, T.J. & Hahn, B. (1981) Bone loss in adults receiving alternate day glucocorticoid therapy. Arthritic and Rheumatism, 24, 892898.
  • Godschalk, M. & Downs, R. (1988) Effect of short-term glucocorticoids on serum osteocalcin in healthy young men. Journal of Bone Mineral Research, 3, 113115.
  • Grecu, E., Gordan, G. & Simmons, R. (1987) Medroxyprogesterone acetate as an antagonist of adverse glucocorticoid effects on calcium metabolism in man. In Osteoporosis 1987 (eds C.Christiansen et al) Osteopress, Kobenhavn . pp. 10771080.
  • Green, O.C., Winter, R.J., Kawahara, F.S., Phillips, L.S., Lewy, P.R., Hart, S. R.L. & Pachman, L.M. (1978) Pharmacokinetic studies of prednisolone in children: plasma levels, half-life values and correlation with physiologic assays for growth and immunity. Journal of Pediatrics, 93, 299303.
  • Greenberger, P.A., Hendrix, R.W., Patterson, R. & Chmiel, J.S. (1982) Bone studies in patients on prolonged systemic corticosteroid therapy for asthma. Clinical Allergy, 12, 363368.
  • Gruber, H.E., Ivey, J.L., Baylink, D.J., Matthews, M., Nelp, W.B., Sison, K. & Chestnut, C.H. (1984) Long-term calcitonin therapy in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Metabolism, 33, 295303.
  • Guenther, H.L., Felix, R. & Fleisch, H. (1984) Comparative study of deflazacort, a new synthetic corticosteroid, and dexamethasone on the synthesis of collagen in different rat bone cell populations and rabbit articular chondrocytes. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 145152.
  • Hahn, T.J. (1978) Corticosteroid-induced osteopenia. Archives of Internal Medicine, 138, 882885.
  • Hahn, T.J., Boisseau, V.C. & Avioli, L. V. (1974) Effect of chronic corticosteroid administration on diaphyseal and metaphyseal bone mass. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 39, 274282.
  • Hahn, T.J. & Hahn, B.H. (1976) Osteopenia in patients with rheumatic diseases: principles of diagnosis and therapy. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, 6, 165188.
  • Hahn, T.J. & Halstead, L.R. (1979) Cortisol enhancement of PTH-stimulated cylic AMP accumulation in cultured fetal rat long bone rudiments. Calcified Tissue International, 29, 173175.
  • Hahn, T.J., Halstead, L.R. & Bran, D.T. (1981) Effects of short term glucocorticoid administration on intestinal calcium absorption and circulating vitamin D metabolite concentrations in man (1981). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 52, 111115.
  • Hahn, T.J., Halstead, L.R., Strates, B., Imbimbo, B. & Baran, D.T. (1980) Comparison of subactue effects of oxazacort and prednisone on mineral metabolism in man. Calcified Tissue International, 31, 109115.
  • Hahn, T.J., Halstead, L.R., Teitelbaum, S.L. & Hahn, B.H. (1979) Altered mineral metabolism in glucocorticoid-induced osteopenia. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 64, 655665.
  • Hahn, T.J., Westbrook, S.L. & Halstead, L.R. (1984). Cortisol modulation of osteoblast metabolic activity in cultured neonatal rat bone. Endocrinology, 114, 18641870.
  • Hartog, M., Gaafar, M.A. & Fraser, R. (1964) Effect of corticosteroids on serum growth hormone. Lancet, ii, 376378.
  • Henry, H.L. (1986) Effect of dexamethasone on 25-hydroxy-vitamin Dj metabolism by chick kidney cell cultures. Edocrinology, 118, 11341138.
  • Huaux, J.P., Devogelaer, J.P., Brassed, J.P. & Nagant DE Deuxchaisnes, C. (1985) Effect of diphosphonate APD on dual photon absorptiometry in involutional osteoporosis. In Vitamin D. A Chemical, Biochemical and Clinical Update (ed. A.W.Norman) Walter de Gruyter, Berlin , pp. 998999.
  • Hyldstrup, L., Mcnair, P., Jensen, G.F., Nielsen, H.R. & Transbol, I. (1984) Bone mass as referent for urinary hydroxyproline excretion: age and sex related changes in 125 normals and in primary hyperparathyroidism. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 83.
  • Jee, W.S.S., Black, H.E. & Gotcher, J.E. (1981) Effect of dichloromethane diphosphonate on ortisol-induced bone loss in young adult rabbits. Clinical Orthopaedics, 156, 3951.
  • Jee, W.S.S., Roberts, W.E., Park, H.Z., Julian, G. & Kramer, M. (1972) Interrelated effects orglucocorticoid and parathyroid hormone upon bone remodeling. In Calcium, Parathyroid Hormone and the Calcitonins (eds R.V.Talmage & P.L.Munson). Amsterdam , Excerpta Medica. p. 430.
  • Jowell, P.S., Epstein, S., Fallon, M.D., Reinhardt, T.A. & Ismail, F. (1987) 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 modulates glucocorticoid induced alteration in serum bone Gla protein and bone histomorphometry. Endocrinology, 120, 531536.
  • Jowsey, J. & Riggs, B.L. (1970) Bone formation in hypercortisonism. Acta Endocrinologica, 63, 2128.
  • Jowsey, J., Riggs, B.L., Kelly, P.J. & Hoffman, D.L. (1972) Effect of combined therapy with sodium fluoride, vitamin D and calcium in osteoporosis. American Journal of Medicine, 53, 4349.
  • Kano, K. & Jones, G. (1984) Effects of prednisolone on 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, metabolism in the rat. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 516 (abstract).
  • Katz, J.M., Skinner, S.J.M., Wilson, T. & Gray, D.H. (1983) The in vitro effect of indomethacin on basal bone resorption, on prostaglandin production and on the response to added prostaglandins. Prostaglandins, 26, 545555.
  • Katz, J.M., Wilson, T., Skinner, S.J.M. & Gray, D.H. (1981) Bone resorption and prostaglandin production by mouse calvaria in vitro: response to exogenous prostaglandins and their precursor fatty acids. Prostaglandins, 22, 537551.
  • Kirschner, M.A., Lipsett, M.B. & Collins, DR. (1965) Plasma ketosteroids and testosterone in man: a study of the pituitary-testicular axis. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 44, 657665.
  • Klein, R.G., Arnaud, S.B., Gallagher, J.C., Deluca, H.F. & RICGS, B.L. (1977) Intestinal calcium absorption in exogenous hypercortisonism. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 60, 253259.
  • Korkor, A.B., Kuchibotla, J., Arrieh, M., Gray, R.W. & Gleason W.A. Jr. (1985) The effects of chronic prednisone administration on intestinal receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin by in the dog. Endocrinology, 117, 22672273.
  • Korkor, A., Martin, K.J., Olgaard, K., Bergfeld, M., Teitelbaum, S., Klahr, S. & Slatopolsky, E. (1983) Altered adenosine 3′, 5′-monophosphate release in response to parathyroid hormone by isolated perfused bone from glucocorticoid-treated dogs. Endocrinology, 113, 625631.
  • Laake, H. (1960) The action of corticosteroids on the renal reabsorption of calcium. Acta Endocrinologica, 34, 6064.
  • Lehman, W.L., Solomons, C.C. & Hollister, J.R. (1984) Calmodulin activity in corticosteroid-induced osteopenia. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 187, 300307.
  • Lemann, J., Piering W.F. Jr. & Lennon, E.J. (1970) Studies of the acute effects of aldosterone and Cortisol on the inter-relationship between renal sodium, calcium and magnesium excretion in normal man. Nephron, 7, 117130.
  • Lindgren, J.U. & Deluca, H.F. (1983) Oral 1,25(OH2)D3 effective prophylactic treatment for glucocorticoid osteopenia in rats. Calcified Tissue International, 35, 107110.
  • Lindgren, J.U., Deluca, H.F. & Mazess, R.B. (1984) Effects of 1,25 (OH)2D3 on bone tissue in the rabbit: Studies on fracture healing, disuse osteoporosis and prednisone osteoporosis. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 591595.
  • Lindgren, J.U., Johnell, O. & Deluca, H.F. (1983) Studies of bone tissue in rats treated by prednisolone and 1,25(OH)2D3. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 181, 264268.
  • Lo Cascio, V., Adami, S., Avioli, L.V., Cominacini, L., Galvanni, G, Gennari, C, Imbimbo, B. & Scuro, L.A. (1982) Suppressive effect of chronic glucocorticoid treatment on circulating calcitonin in man. Calcified Tissue International, 34, 309310.
  • Lo Cascio, V., Bonnucci, E., Imbimbo, B, Ballanti, P., Tartarotti, D., Galvanni, G., Fuccella, L. & Adami, S. (1984) Bone loss after glucocorticoid therapy. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 435438.
  • Macadams, M.R., White, R.H. & Chipps, B.E. (1986) Reduction of serum testosterone levels during chronic glucocorticoid therapy. Annals of Internal Medicine, 104, 648651.
  • Maldague, B., Malghem, J. & De Deuxchaisnes, C.N. (1984) Radiologic aspect of glucocorticoid-induced bone disease. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 171, 155190.
  • Manolagas, S.C., Abare, J. & Deftos, L.J. (1984) Glucocorticoids increase the 1,25 (OH)2D3 receptor concentration in rat osteogenic sarcoma cells. Calcified Tiossue International, 36, 153157.
  • Mazzuoli, G.F., Passeri, M., Gennari, C., Minisola, S., Antonelli, R., Valtorta, C, Palummeri, E., Cervellin, G.F., Gonnelli, S. & Francini, G. (1986) Effects of salmon calcitonin in postmenopausal osteoporosis: a controlled double-blind clinical study. Calcified Tissue International, 38, 308.
  • Meunier, P.J., Dempster, D.W., Edouard, C, Chapuy, M.C., Arlot, M. & Charhon, S. (1984) Bone histomorphometry in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis in Cushing's syndrome. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 171, 191200.
  • Meunier, P.J., Brianon, D., Chavassieux, P., Edouard, C, Boivin, G., Conrozier, T., Marcelli, C, Pastoureau, P., Delmas P. & Casez, J.P. (1987) Treatment with fluoride: borie histomorphometric findings. Osteoporosis 1987 (eds C.Christiansen, J. S.Johansen & B.J.Riis) Osteopress, Kobenhan . pp. 824828.
  • Morris, H.G., Jorgensen, J.R. & Jenkins, S.A. (1968) Plasma growth hormone concentration in corticoster-oid-treated children. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 47, 427435.
  • Mueller, M.N. (1976) Effects of corticosteroids on bone mineral in rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. American Journal of Roentgenology, 126, 1300.
  • Nagant De Deuxchaisnes, C. (1983) The pathogenesis and treatment of involutional osteoporosis. In Osteoporisis: a Multi-Disciplinary Problem (eds A.St. J.Dixon, R.G.G.Russell & T.C.B.Stamp) Royal Society of Medicine, London , pp. 291333.
  • Nagant De Deuxchaisnes, C., Devogelaer, J.P., Esselinckx, W., Bouchez, B., Depresseux, G., Rombouts- Lindemans, C. & Huaux, J.P. (1984) The effect of low dosage glucocorticoids on bone mass in rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional and a longitudinal study using single photon absorptiometry. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 171, 209234.
  • Nagant De Deuxchaisnes, C., Devogelaer, J.P., Huaux, J.P., Dufour, J.P., Esselinckx, W. & Stasse, P. (1986) The effect of small equivalent doses of deflazacort and prednisone on the bone mineral content in male patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 1 (suppl 1), 172.
  • Need, A.G., Hartley, T.F., Philcox, J.C. & Nordin, B.E.C. (1986) Calcium metabolism and osteoporosis in corticosteroid-treated postmenopausal women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 16, 341346.
  • Need, A.G. (1987) Corticosteroids and osteoporosis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 17, 267272.
  • Nemere, I., LEathers, V. & Norman, A.W. (1986) 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin Dj-mediated intestinal calcium transport. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 261, 1610616114.
  • Nemere, I. & Norman, A.W. (1987) The rapid hormonally stimulated transport of calcium. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 2, 167169.
  • Nilsen, K.H., Jayson, M.I.V. & Dixon, A. ST. J. (1978) Microcrystalline calcium hydroxyapatite compound in corticosteroid-treated rheumatoid patients: a controlled study. British Medical Journal, 2, 1124.
  • Nolan, R.D., Partridge, N.C, Godfrey, H.M. & Martin, T.J. (1983) Cyclo-oxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism in rat osteoblasts in culture. Calcified Tissue International, 35, 294297.
  • Nordin, B.E.C., Marshall, D.H., Francis, R.M. & Crilly, R.G. (1981) The effects of sex steroid and corticosteroid hormones on bone. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 15, 171174.
  • Palmieri, G.M.A., Dvorak, J. & Bottomley, R. (1974) Calcitonin in steroid-induced osteoporosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 290, 1490.
  • Peck, W.A., Brandt, J. & Miller, I. (1967) Hydrocortisone-induced inhibition of protein synthesis and uridine incorporation in isolated bone cells in vitro. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 57, 15991606.
  • Peck, W.A., Messinger, K., Brandt, J. & Carpenter, J. (1969) Impaired accumulation of ribonucleic acid precursors and depletion of ribonucleic acid in glucocorticoid-treated bone cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 244, 41744184.
  • Raisz, L.G. (1984) Studies on bone formation and resorption in vitro. Hormone Research, 20, 2227.
  • Raisz, L.G. (1988) Local and systemic factors in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 318, 818828.
  • Raisz, L.G. & Kream, B.E. (1983) Regulation of bone formation. New England Journal of Medicine. 309, 8389.
  • Raisz, L.G., Trummel, C.L., Wener, J.A. & Simmons, H. (1972) Effect of glucocorticoids on bone resorption in tissue culture. Endocrinology, 90, 961965.
  • Reid, D.M., Nicoll, J.J., Smith, M.A., Higgins, B., Tothill, P. & Nuki, G. (1986) Corticosteroids and bone mass in asthma: comparisons with rheumatoid arthritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. British Medical Journal, 293, 14631466.
  • Reid, I.R., Chapman, G.E., Fraser, T.R.C, Da Vies, A.D., Surus, A.S., Meyer, J., Huq, N.L. ST. Ibbertson. H.K. (1986a) Low serum osteocalcin levels in glucocorticoid-treated asthmatics. Journal of Clinical and Endocrinological Metabolism, 62, 379383.
  • Reid, I.R., Civitelli, R., Halstead, L.R., Avioli, L.V. & Hruska, K.A. (1987) Parathyroid hormone acutely elevates intracellular calcium in osteoblast like cells. American Journal of Physiology, 252, E45E51.
  • Reid, I.R., France, J.T., Pybus, J. & Ibbertson, H.K. (1985) Low plasma testosterone levels in glucocorticoid-treated male asthmatics. British Medical Journal, 291, 574.
  • Reid, I.R., Ibbertson, H.K. (1986) Calcium supplements in the prevention of steroid-induced osteoporosis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 44, 287290.
  • Reid I.R. & Ibbertson, H.K. (1987) Evidence for decreased tubular reabsorption of calcium in glucocorticoid-treated asthmatics. Hormone Research, 27, 200204.
  • Reid, I.R., Katz, J., Ibbertson, H.K. & Gray, D.H. (1986b) The effects of hydrocortisone, parathyroid hormone and the bisphosphonate APD on bone resorption in neonatal mouse calvaria. Calcified Tissue International, 38, 3843.
  • Reid, I.R., King, A.R., Alexander, C.J. & Ibbertson, H.K. (1988) Prevention of steroid-induced osteoporosis with (3-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene)-1,1-bisphosphonate (APD). Lancet, i, 143146.
  • Reitsma, P.H., Bijvoet, O.L.M., Potokar. M., Van Der Wee-pals, LJ.A. & Van Wuk-van Lennep, M.M.L. (1983) Apposition and resorption of bone during oral treatment with (3-amino-1-hydroxy-propylidene)-1, 1-bisphosphonate (APD). Calcined Tissue International, 35, 357361.
  • Rickers, H., Deding, A., Christiansen, C, Rodbro, P. & Naestoft, J. (1982) Corticosteroid-induced osteopenia and vitamin D metabolism. Effect of vitamin D2 calcium, phosphate and sodium fluoride administration. Clinical Endocrinology, 16, 409415.
  • Rickers, H., Deding, A., Christiansen, C. & Rodbro, R. (1984) Mineral loss in cortical and trabecular bone during high-dose prednisone treatment. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 269273.
  • Riggs, B.L., Seeman, E., Hodsgon, S.F., Taves, D.R. & O'Fallon, W.M. (1982) Effect of the fluoride/calcium regimen on vertebral fracture occurrence in postmenopausal osteoporosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 306, 446450.
  • Ringe, J.D., Welzel, D. & Schmid, K. (1987) Therapy of corticoid-induced osteoporosis with salmon calcitonin. In Osteoporosis 1987(eds. C.Christiansen, J. S.Johansen & B.J.Riis) Osteopress, Kobenhaven . pp. 10741076.
  • Rizzoli, R. & Fleisch, H. (1984) Effect of glucocorticoid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin Dj on parathyroid hormone receptor-adenylate cyclase interaction in cloned bone cells. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 507 (abstract).
  • Rodan, S.B., Fischer, M.K., Egan, J.J., Epstein, P.M. & Rodan, G.A. (1984) The effect of dexamethasone on parathyroid hormone stimulation of adenylate cyclase in ROS 17/2–8 cells. Endocrinology, 115, 951958.
  • Roof, B.S., Frey, D. & ROSS, P. (1983) Bone mineral content in vertebral spongiosa (VS) by quantitative CAT scan in patients with osteoporoses due to postmenopausal state or induced by glucocorticosteroids (GC) or heparin. Clinical Research, 32, 546A (abstract).
  • Ruegsegger, P., Medici, T.C. & Anliker, M. (1983) Corticosteroid-induced bone loss. A longitudinal study of alternate day therapy in patients with bronchial asthma using quantitative computed tomography. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 25, 615620.
  • Saez, J.M., Morera, A.M., Haour, F. & Evain, D. (1977) Effects of in vivo administration of dexamethasone, corticotropin and human chorionic gonadotropin on steroidogenesis and protein and DNA synthesis of testicular interstitial cells in prepuberal rats. Endocrinology, 101, 12561263.
  • Sambrook, P.N., Eisman, J.A., Yeates, M.G., Pocock, N.A., Eberl, S. & Champion, G.D. (1986) Osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis: safety of low dose corticosteroids. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 45, 950953.
  • Sandberg, A.L., Raisz, L.G., Wahl, L.M. & Simmons, H.A. (1982) Enhancement of complement-mediated prostaglandin synthesis and bone resorption by arachidonic acid and inhibition by Cortisol. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Medicine, 8, 419427.
  • Schaadt, O. & Bohr, H. (1984) Bone mineral in lumbar spine, femoral neck and femoral shaft measured by dual photon absorptiometry with 153-gadolineum in prednisone treatment. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 171, 201208.
  • Schaison, G., Durand, F. & Mowszowicz, I. (1978) Effect of glucocorticoids on plasma testosterone in men. Acta Endocrinologica, 89, 126131.
  • Schwartzman, M.S. & Franck, W.A. (1987) Vitamin D toxicity complicating the treatment of senile, postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. American Journal of Medicine, 32, 224230.
  • Seeman, E., Kumar, R., Hunder, G.G., Scott, M., Heath, H. HI & Riggs, B.L. (1980) Production degradation and circulating levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in health and in chronic glucocorticoid excess. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 66, 664669.
  • Sheagren, J.N., Jowsey, J., Bird, DC, Gurton, M.E. & Jacobs, J.B. (1976) Effect on bone growth of daily versus alternate-day corticosteroid administration: an experimental study. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 89, 120130.
  • Simmons, H.A. & Raisz, L.G. (1984) Effects of Cortisol and parathyroid hormone on prostaglandin production by cultured postnatal ratcalvaria. Calcified Tissue International, 36, 471 (abstract).
  • Sjoden, G.O.J., Johnell, O., Deluca, H.F. & Lindgren, J.U. (1984) Effects of 1OHD2 on bone tissue. Studies of I OHD2 and 1 OHD3 in normal rats and in rats treated with prednisolone. Acta Endocrinologica, 106, 564568.
  • Sorensen, O.H., Lund, B., Friis, T.H., Hjorth, L., Reimann, I., Kjaer, I. & Andersen, R.B. (1977) Effect of 1- hydroxycholecalciferol in senile osteoporosis and in bone loss following prednisone treatment. Israel Journal of Medical Science, 13, 253258.
  • Stern, P.H. (1969) Inhibition by steroids of parathyroid hormone induced Ca45 release from embyronic rat bone in vitro. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 168, 211217.
  • Stracke, H, Schulz, A., Moeller, D., Rossel, S. & Schatz, H. (1984) Effect of growth hormone on osteoblasts and demonstration of somatomedin-C/IGF-1 in bone organ culture. Acta Endocrinologica, 107, 1624.
  • Sturge, R.A., Beardwell, C., Hartog, M., Wright, D. & Ansell, B.M. (1970) Cortisol and growth hormone secretion in relation to linear growth: patients with Still's disease on different therapeutic regimens. British Medical Journal, 3, 547551.
  • Suda, T., Testa, N.G., Allen, T.D., Onions, D. & Jarrett, O. (1983) Effect of hydrocortisone on osteoclasts generated in cat bone marrow cultures. Calcified Tissue International, 35, 8286.
  • Suzuki, Y., Ichikawa, Y., Saito, E. & Homma, M. (1983). Importance of increased urinary calcium excretion in the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism of patients under glucocortoicoid therapy. Metabolism, 32, 151156.
  • Takeda, R., Nakabayashi, H., Usukura, N., Hosojima, H., Kawato, M. & Ueda, M. (1974) Suppressive effect of glucocorticoid on arginine-induced growth hormone release in normal subjects. Steroids Lipids Research, 5, 193199.
  • Tam, C.S., Wilson, D.R., Hitchman, A.J. & Harrison, J.E. (1981) Protective effect on vitamin Dj on bone apposition from the inhibitory action of hydrocortisone in rats. Calcified Tissue International, 33, 167172.
  • Tenenbaum, H.C. & Heersche, J.N.M. (1985) Dexamethasone stimulates osteogenesis in chick periosteum in vitro. Endocrinology, 117, 22112217.
  • Thompson, J.S., Palmier, G.M.A., Eliel, L.P. & Crawford, R.L. (1972) The effect of porcine calcitonin on osteoporosis induced by adrenal cortical steroids. J Bone Joint Surg 54A, 14901500.
  • Thompson, R.G., Rodriguez, A., Kowarski, A. & Blizzard, R.M. (1972) Growth hormone: metabolic clearance rates, integrated concentrations and production rates in normal adults and the effect of prednisone. J Clin Invest 51, 31933199.
  • Unterman, T.G. & Phillips, L.S. (1985) Glucocorticoid effects on somatomedins and somatomedin inhibitors. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 61, 618626.
  • Vazquez, A.M., Schutt-Aine, J.C., Kenny, F.M., Richards, C. & Anthony, D. (1972) Effect of cortisone therapy on the diurnal pattern of growth hormone secretion in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Journal of Pediatrics, 80, 433440.
  • Wajchenberg, B.L., Pereira, V.G., Kieffer, J. & Ursic. S. (1969) Effect of dexamethasone on calcium metabolism and 47Ca kinetics in normal subjects. Acta Endocrinologica, 61, 173192.
  • Wasnich, R.D., Benfante, J., Yano, K., Heilbrun, L. & Vogel, J.M. (1983) Thiazide effect on the mineral content of bone. New England Journal of Medicine, 309, 344347.
  • Williams, G., Spinks, T.J., Freemantle, C, Sandler, L. & Joplin, G.F. (1986) Total body calcium measurements using neutron-activation analysis in Cushing's syndrome. Calcified Tissue International, 39, 145150.
  • Wilkinson, R. (1976) Absorption of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. In Calcium. Phosphate and Magnesium Metabolism (ed. B.E.C.Nordin) Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh , p. 37.
  • Wink, C.S., ST Onge, M. & Parker, B. (1985) The effects of dichloromethylene biphosphonate on osteoporotic femora of adult castrate male rats. Acta Anatomica, 124, 117121.
  • Wong, G.L. (1979) Basal activities and hormone responsiveness of osteoclast-like and osteoblast-like bone cells are regulated by glucocorticoids. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 254, 63376340.
  • Wong, G.L., Lukert, B.P. & ADAMS, J.S. (1980) Glucocorticoids increase osteoblast-like bone cell response to 1,25 (OH)2Dj. Nature, 285, 254257.
  • Zajac, J.D., Livesey, S.A., Michelangeli, V.P., Rodan, S.B., Rodan, G.A. & Martin, T.J. (1986) Glucocorticoid treatment facilitates cyclic adenosine 3′,5′-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase response in parathyroid hormone-responsive osteogenic sarcoma cells. Endocrinology, 118, 20592064.