Cyproterone acetate for severe hirsutism:results of a double-blind dose-ranging study*

Authors


  • *

    Presented in part at the annual meeting of the British Association of Dermatologists, Cambridge UK, July 1989.

J. H. Barth, Department of Chemical Pathology and Immunology, Old Medical School, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Abstract

Summary. objective The objective was to determine If cyproterone acetate (CPA) therapy lor hirsute women demonstrated a dose response.

design A double-blind dose-ranging study of the effect of 3 doses of cyproterone acetate for a period of 12 months.

patients Twenty-one hirsute women received the Dlanette contraceptive pill (35μ ethinyl oestradlol+2 mg CPA, Sobering Healthcare, UK, 20 received Dlanette plus 20 mg CPA and 19 received Dlanette plus 100 mg CPA: supplementary CPA was administered on days 1–10 of the birth control pill cycle as described by Hammersteln.

measurements

Hair growth was measured using the clinical scale of Ferrlman and Gallwey and by direct measurement of hair shaft diameter and linear growth of hair on the face, forearm, abdomen and thigh.

results Thirty-eight women completed 12 months therapy, eight withdrew due to side-effects and 14 were lost to follow-up. All three dose schedules produced significant reductions In clinical hair growth scores. This reduction was seen after 6 months with Dlanette alone (P< 0.005) and after 3 months with both the higher doses (P< 0.01). There were no significant differences between the effect of different doses at any of the three-monthly time points. Hair diameter measurements were reduced by all doses after 12 months:face by 27*, 37, 37%*, forearm 5, 10, 8%*, abdomen 22*, 39*, 33%*, thigh 12, 24*, 30%* (median reductions (*P< 0.01) for Dianette, D + 20 mg CPA and D + 100 mg CPA respectively. There were no significant reductions in daily linear growth rates. A comparison of the percentage reduction In hair shaft diameter at each site demonstrated no significant difference between doses, although the reductions by the three doses on the forearm, abdomen and thigh suggested a trend towards a dose response.

conclusions We conclude that cyproterone acetate 2 mg daily appears to be as effective as higher doses in the therapy of hirsute women.

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