Objective Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a measure derived from exercise test, defined as the fall in heart rate during the first minute after maximal exercise. Abnormal HRR is a measure of autonomic dysfunction associated with an increased mortality. This study was performed to evaluate the HRR in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Design Prospective controlled clinical study.
Patients Seventy-five PCOS women compared to 75 healthy women matched for age (21·7 ± 2·1 years vs. 21·9 ± 1·8 years, respectively) and body mass index (BMI) (29·0 ± 2·6 kg/m2 vs. 29·1 ± 2·9 kg/m2, respectively).
Measurements Subjects were studied for their hormonal and metabolic profile, and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX).
Results PCOS women showed a significantly reduced HRR (12·9 ± 1·8 vs. 20·4 ± 3·1 beats/min, P < 0·001) compared to healthy controls, an impairment in maximal oxygen consumption (18·0 ± 2·3 ml/kg/min vs. 29·3 ± 3·9 ml/kg/min) and in oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold (13·6 ± 2·6 ml/kg/min vs. 24·2 ± 3·0 ml/kg/min). In PCOS women, abnormal HRR was inversely correlated to BMI (r = −0·582, P < 0·001) and to the area under the curve for insulin (r = −0·596, P < 0·001).
Conclusions Our data demonstrate an abnormal HRR after maximal CPX in young overweight PCOS patients, and that HRR should be investigated as a further potential marker of increased cardiovascular risk in PCOS.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.