Transition process of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) from paediatric to the adult health care service: a hospital-based approach
Article first published online: 3 NOV 2008
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 71, Issue 3, pages 346–350, September 2009
How to Cite
Cadario, F., Prodam, F., Bellone, S., Trada, M., Binotti, M., Trada, M., Allochis, G., Baldelli, R., Esposito, S., Bona, G. and Aimaretti, G. (2009), Transition process of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) from paediatric to the adult health care service: a hospital-based approach. Clinical Endocrinology, 71: 346–350. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03467.x
- Issue published online: 14 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 3 NOV 2008
- (Received 22 June 2008; returned for revision 2 September 2008; finally revised 20 October 2008; accepted 24 October 2008)
Introduction The outcomes of different types of transitions of young people with chronic diseases have been poorly investigated.
Objective To evaluate and compare a structured transition from the paediatric diabetes services (PDS) into the adult diabetic services (ADS) with an unstructured one.
Design We retrospectively investigated 62 adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes discharged from the PDS from 1 January 1994 to 31 December 2004. Thirty-two patients (group A) were transferred to the ADS of the same hospital with an unstructured method (letter) and 30 patients after a structured transfer planned with adult physicians (group B). We analysed the date of the first admission in ADS, the glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), the clinic attendance rate in PDS and in the first year in ADS, and a phone questionnaire on the transition experience.
Results The duration of the transfer was longer in A than in B with a lack of medical assistance during the unstructured transition (P < 0·001). At the first visit in ADS, before any medical intervention, HbA1c was improved in B compared to the last in PDS (P < 0·01), and had a trend in worsening in A. After 1 year in the ADS there was a better clinical attendance, and a lower HbA1c in B than in A (P < 0·05). All the subjects of group B reported a favourable opinion for the structured transition (P < 0·0001).
Conclusion The transition process plays an important role in diabetic care and a structured plan is mandatory to avoid to lose the patients and to get worse their health.