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Association of adiponectin with blood pressure in healthy people

Authors


Correspondence: Megu Y. Baden, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Sumitomo Hospital, 530-0005, 5-3-20 Nakanoshima Kita-ku Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan. Tel.: +81 6 6443 1261; Fax: +81 6 6444 3975; E-mail: megmegoo_y@yahoo.co.jp

Summary

Objective

With the increasing prevalence of diseases related to obesity, metabolic syndrome and its key player adiponectin are now attracting considerable attention. Hypoadiponectinaemia is reported to be a risk factor for hypertension and associated with endothelial dysfunction, which is closely related to complications of obesity such as hypertension. As there is limited information regarding serum adiponectin levels in normotensive people, we undertook the large-scale study to determine the association of adiponectin with blood pressure (BP) in mainly normotensive people.

Design, patients and measurements

In 21 100 Japanese adults (12 363 men and 8737 women) who had no apparent diseases, we examined the relationship between the serum adiponectin concentration and BP by performing a questionnaire survey, physical measurements and measurement of laboratory parameters including the serum adiponectin level.

Results

Subjects with hypoadiponectinaemia had higher systolic and diastolic BPs as already reported. And interestingly, subjects with higher adiponectin had lower systolic and diastolic BP. According to linear regression analysis, adiponectin showed a significant negative correlation with systolic and diastolic BP independently of the other variables. Analysis of covariance according to adiponectin quintiles showed that systolic and diastolic BP in highest adiponectin quintile was significantly lower than in other quintiles.

Conclusions

This study revealed that there were significant trends toward lower systolic and diastolic BP with higher adiponectin not only in hypertensive people but also in normotensive people.

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