Seasonal shifts in host usage in Uroleucon gravicorne (Homoptera: Aphididae) and implications for the evolution of host alternation in aphids
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2008
Volume 8, Issue 4, pages 371–382, November 1983
How to Cite
MORAN, N. A. (1983), Seasonal shifts in host usage in Uroleucon gravicorne (Homoptera: Aphididae) and implications for the evolution of host alternation in aphids. Ecological Entomology, 8: 371–382. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.1983.tb00517.x
- Issue published online: 14 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2008
- Accepted 24 February 1983
- 1Uroleucon gravicome (Patch) feeds on annual Erigeron species and on perennial Solidago species.
- 2To test whether Solidago and Erigeron are analogous to winter and summer hosts of typical host-alternating aphids, reproductive performance, host preferences, and host associations were measured for E.strigosus, S.juncea and S.nemoralis during spring, summer and autumn.
- 3Caged individuals can reproduce on both genera throughout the season, though colonies are rare on Solidago during summer.
- 4Developmental rate, adult weight, and fecundity decline between May and August on all hosts; however, the drop is least on E.strigosus, intermediate on S.nemoralis, and greatest on S.juncea.
- 5Throughout the season, reproductive performance is at least as great on Erigeron as on Solidago, the difference being least in spring.
- 6Soluble nitrogen content shows the same seasonal trends as reproductive performance, declining in all hosts, but declining least in E.strigosus.
- 7Preference tests and field records show that U.gravicorne moves from Solidago to Erigeron when the first alatae mature in late spring, feeds on Erigeron during the summer, and, in late summer, returns to Solidago where overwintering eggs are laid.
- 8Solidago is not nutritionally superior during spring or autumn; its use during those seasons may result from the need for good oviposition sites.