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Keywords:

  • Aleyrodidae;
  • Siphoninus phillyreae;
  • Aphelinidae;
  • Encarsia partenopea;
  • population dynamics;
  • host–parasitoid interactions;
  • biological control

Abstract. 1. Densities of the whitefly, Siphoninus phillyreae Haliday, remained at low levels at two sites where a parasitoid, Encarsia parknopea (Walker), was released on whitefly-infested ash, Fraxinus sp., and pomegranate, Punica granatum. Populations of S.phillyreae at control sites, where parasitoids were absent, were increasing in density at the beginning of the summer.

2. By mid-summer, E.partenopea had appeared at all four control sites, and densities of S.phillyreae declined to levels similar to those at the release sites.

3. In the absence of the parasitoid, the age structure of S.phillyreae populations was dominated by the egg stage, indicating a population increasing in density. After E.partenopea became abundant at a site, the age structure of the population had a decreasing proportion of young stages.

4. The changes in S.phillyreae age structures were explained by examining the percentage of fourth instar S.phillyreae from which E.partenopea, as opposed to adult whiteflies, emerged. After the parasitoid became abundant at a site, the majority of fourth instars produced parasitoids rather than whitefly adults. The result was that the adult S.phillyreae population declined, and few eggs were laid.

5. The dynamics of the interaction between E.partenopea and S.phillyreae were similar on ash and pomegranate.