1. We evaluated the effect of clone (one susceptible and one resistant clone), shoot length, crown level, and gallicola density on post-gall induction performance of Adelges abietis. Galls that had been successfully induced by one fundatrix on a range of shoot sizes were selected, and the number of gallicolae that could colonise the gall was manipulated.
2. Post-induction gall development success was inversely related to shoot length and was higher on the susceptible clone than on the resistant clone. As gallicola density did not influence the proportion of galls that successfully completed development, reduced post-induction gall development on large shoots was not likely to be result of an insufficient stimulus from gallicolae.
3. Clone was the only factor that significantly influenced gall volume and galls were larger on the susceptible clone than on the resistant clone. As gall volume did not increase when more gallicolae attempted to colonise a gall, competition within a gall increased. Gallicola survival was inversely related to the number of colonising gallicolae. Our results suggest that gall size may be limiting at natural densities.
4. Previous studies report positive relationships between gall induction success and fundatrix density, and between gall size and fundatrix density. As each fundatrix produces one egg mass of gallicolae, this study suggests that there may be a trade-off between the successful induction of a large gall and subsequent survival of gallicolae.
5. In the present study, clone influenced all measures of post-gall induction performance. Performance was always higher on the susceptible than on the resistant clone.