In 2000, Plum pox virus (PPV) was discovered in Canada in the provinces of Ontario and Nova Scotia. Delimitation surveys were used to define quarantine areas. An eradication strategy was developed based on a threshold value for virus incidence which triggered removal of the entire orchard block. Each year the threshold value is being lowered until reaching a zero tolerance level. Growers are compensated financially for their losses. A two-tiered certification programme was designed to provide clean replacement trees. Initially, growers planted PPV-tested trees as an interim measure until fully virus-tested stock became available. It is hoped that this eradication programme will eliminate PPV from Canada by 2010.