It is acknowledged that exposure of honeybees may also occur through routes such as the consumption of guttation droplets. However, at the time when this revision was prepared, data was too scarce to allow a description of the conditions of exposure needed for a proper risk assessment, in particular with regard to the conditions of occurrence of droplets, from which a standardized estimation of the exposure could have been deduced. Another problem is contact with or consumption of plant material contaminated with seed dusts originating from seeds coated with plant protection products. The issue over dusts from seed treatments has been addressed by amendment Commission Directive 2010/21/EU of 12 March 2010 amending Annex I to Council Directive 91/414/EEC as regards the specific provisions relating to clothianidin, thiametoxam, fipronil and imidacloprid. Further work is needed in these areas, which will be considered by the ICPBR. Further revisions will include this and related risks to honeybees, when information is available.
Environmental risk assessment scheme for plant protection products Système pour l'évaluation du risque des produits phytosanitaires pour l'environnement
PP 3/10 (3): Chapter 10: honeybees
Article first published online: 15 NOV 2010
© 2010 OEPP/EPPO
Volume 40, Issue 3, pages 323–331, December 2010
How to Cite
(2010), PP 3/10 (3): Chapter 10: honeybees. EPPO Bulletin, 40: 323–331. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2338.2010.02419.x
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 15 NOV 2010
This standard provides an assessment of the risks presented by plant protection products to honeybees. It was revised to include the risk presented by systemic plant protection products.
Specific approval and amendment
First approved in 1992-09. Edited as an EPPO Standard in 1998. Revised in 2002-09 and 2010-09 (updated with ICPBR recommendations).