People diagnosed with cancer often state that they are left to their own resources after receiving their diagnosis and possibly receiving treatment at a hospital. In all likelihood, most of those afflicted with cancer will require follow-up care. The Norwegian Cancer Plan of 1997 proposed that more should be done for people afflicted with cancer. With these factors as the starting point, a three-part study with use of interviews and questionnaires was conducted to identify and evaluate the scope of follow-up care in one Norwegian county with 26 municipalities in a sparsely populated region. This article examines consequences of the sickness for those afflicted. Next, the article discusses who is responsible for organizing follow-up care, and the related official reports, laws and regulations. The article also discusses the results of a three-part study that sought to identify those components of follow-up care that worked effectively and those that did not, with the aim of drafting a follow-up care programme.