• cancer;
  • developing countries;
  • cancer burden;
  • cancer screening;
  • cancer prevention;
  • cancer education;
  • cancer risk prediction

Although the close of the 20th century witnessed advances in cancer detection and treatment, cancer morbidity and mortality rates steadily increase across the globe within the 21st century. The majority of this cancer burden can be found in underdeveloped and developing countries. A growing concern can be seen regarding this issue, with the research community as well as governmental and non-governmental organizations considering efforts that need to be developed and implemented. In this article, we propose several strategies to reduce cancer burden in developing countries that involve not only governmental and non-governmental organizations in such developing countries but also the research community. Such measures may prove helpful in gaining a better understanding of cancer burden and assist in clinical decision making and the design of prevention strategies for developing countries.